Climate Archives: The Climate Record of the Distant Past

Take away ideas and understandings

I. Oxygen Isotopes in Seawater: How do we know how much ice was in the large glaciers 18,000 years ago?

II. Why we study past climates (paleoclimatology)

III. The kinds of paleoclimate archives

IV. The Milankovitch Mechanism: Pacemaker of the ice ages

V. The climate record of ice cores

VI. Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas increases and future climate change

Lecture text by James D. Hays and Peter B. deMenocal, 1998.