Oceanography

Oceanography in the Department includes ocean circulation and dynamics, air-sea interaction, chemical tracers and cycles, interactions with marine life, and the sedimentary record of past oceans and climates at timescales ranging from years to millions of years. An overarching goal is the study of the ocean's role in the global climate and marine ecosystems. Research programs involve observational, model, and theory components, and is highly interdisciplinary. The faculty have active programs across the globe, from tropical to polar environments, and coastal zones. Research includes study of the dynamics of sea ice, tropical ocean variability, El Niño and other climate oscillations, and ocean/glacial ice interaction. Chemical oceanography faculty examine the marine biogeochemical cycles of major and minor elements, including carbon and anthropogenic compounds in all their forms. They use both observational (measuring geochemical tracers at sea) and modeling approaches to understand ocean circulation, with a specific focus on the ocean's role in the carbon cycle, both today and in the past, and especially its contribution to absorbing anthropogenic carbon dioxide. Biological oceanography faculty study the intereactions of marine organisms with one another and with their physical and chemical environment to understand the their role of ocean biota in the global carbon cycle. Paleoceanography faculty reconstruct changes in surface and deep ocean circulation, changes in ocean productivity and chemistry, and changes in terrestrial environments. An important component of this research involves developing spatial and temporal records of climate change based on biological, chemical, mineralogical, and isotopic measurements on deep sea sediment samples and corals. Strong connections are maintained with the International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

SONYA DYHRMAN
Personal Information
Sonya
Dyhrman
Associate Professor
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Biology and Paleo Environment
Contact Information
102E Geoscience
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8165

Fax: 

(845) 365-8163

I am broadly interested in how marine microbes like phytoplankton interact with their geochemical environment, where I use molecular level tools to study the intersection of microbial physiology and biogeochemistry.

Microbial oceanography group members are using a suite of genome-enabled approaches to examine the distribution and activities of marine phytoplankton, and how they influence cycling of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Our work often uses model cultures to understand and bound field observations made on research cruises that span the from polar to tropical systems. This research emphasis provides advanced training for undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoral scholars and it is also used as a framework for the development and implementation of inquiry-based educational activities for children.

Education
Ph.D.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego
11/1999
B.A.
Dartmouth College
06/1994
Maureen Raymo
Personal Information
Maureen
Raymo
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Lecturer
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Director - Core Repository
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Contact Information
211 Geoscience
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8801

Fax: 

(845) 365-8150
Selected Publications:
Departures from eustasy in Pliocene sea-level records, Raymo, Maureen E.; Mitrovica, Jerry X.; O'Leary, Michael J.; DeConto, Robert M.; Hearty, Paul L. NATURE GEOSCIENCE MAY, Volume: 4 p.: 328–332 (2011)
Diachronous benthic delta O-18 responses during late Pleistocene terminations, Lisiecki, Lorraine E.; Raymo, Maureen E. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY SEP 23, Volume: 24 p.: PA3210 (2009)
Plio-Pleistocene Ice Volume, Antarctic Climate, and the Global δ18O Record, Raymo, M. E., L. E. Lisiecki, and K. H. Nisancioglu Science, Volume: 313 p.: 492 (2006)
A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic delta O-18 records, Lisiecki, L. E.; Raymo, M. E. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY JAN 18, Volume: 20 p.: PA1003 (2005)
The 41 kyr world: Milankovitch's other unsolved mystery, Raymo, M. E.; Nisancioglu, K. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY MAR 6, Volume: 18 p.: 1011 (2003)
The timing of major climate terminations, Raymo, M. E. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AUG, Volume: 12 p.: 577–585 (1997)
THE HIMALAYAS, ORGANIC-CARBON BURIAL, AND CLIMATE IN THE MIOCENE, RAYMO, ME PALEOCEANOGRAPHY JUN, Volume: 9 p.: 399–404 (1994)
Tectonic forcing of late Cenozoic climate, Raymo, M.E. and W.F. Ruddiman Nature, Volume: 359 p.: 117-122 (1992)
Evolution of Atlantic Pacific Delta-C-13 Gradients over the Last 2.5 My, Raymo, M. E.; Ruddiman, W. F.; Shackleton, N. J.; Oppo, D. W. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Mar, Volume: 97, Issue: 3-4 p.: 353-368 (1990)
Braddock Linsley
Personal Information
Dr.
Braddock
Linsley
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Contact Information
104E Geoscience
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964
US
(845 365-8306

Fax: 

(845) 365-8150

Fields of interest: 

Coral-based paleoclimatology in the Indo-Pacific, Sediment records of Western Pacific Warm Pool and Indonesian Throughflow variability
Education
Ph.D. Geology
University of New Mexico
1990
M.S. Geology
University of South Carolina
1984
B.S. Geology
St. Lawrence University
1982
Emilie Dassie; former post doctoral scientist at LDEO
Selected Publications:
Decadal changes in South Pacific sea surface temperatures and the relationship to the Pacific decadal oscillation and upper ocean heat content, Linsley, Braddock K.; Wu, Henry C.; Dassie, Emilie P.; Schrag, Daniel P Geophysical Research Letters 04/2015, Volume: 42 p.: doi:10.1002/2015GL063045. (2015)
Decadal changes in South Pacific sea surface temperatures and the relationship to the Pacific decadal oscillation and upper ocean heat content, Linsley, Braddock K.; Wu, Henry C.; Dassie, Emilie P.; Schrag, Daniel P Geophysical Research Letters 04/2015, Volume: 42 p.: doi:10.1002/2015GL063045. (2015)
Holocene Evolution of the Indonesian Throughflow and the Western Pacific Warm Pool, Linsley, B.K.; Y. Rosenthal; D. W. Oppo, Nature Geoscience 2010, Volume: 3 p.: 578-583 (2010)
Tracking the extent of the South Pacific Convergence Zone since the early 1600s, Linsley, B. K.; Kaplan, A.; Gouriou, Y.; Salinger, J.; deMenocal, P. B.; Wellington, G. M.; Howe, S. S. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems May 3, Volume: 7 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2005gc001115
Pratigya Polissar
Personal Information
Pratigya
Polissar
Lamont Associate Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Contact Information
210 Geoscience
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964
US
(845) 365-8400

Fax: 

(845) 365-8150
Education
Ph.D.
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
05/2005
M.Sc.
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
08/1999
B.A.
Hampshire College
05/1995
Committee member of Jonathan LaRiviere (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Committee member of Cassaundra Meyers (DEES, Columbia)
Committee member of Yonaton Golsdsmith (DEES, Columbia)
Selected Publications:
Reduced El Niño–Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum, Ford, H.L.; Ravelo, A.C.; Polissar, P.J. Science 01/2015, Volume: 347, Issue: 6219 p.: 255-258 (2015) 10.1126/science.1258437
Glacial-Interglacial Changes in Central Tropical Pacific Surface Seawater Property Gradients, Lynch-Stieglitz, J.; Polissar, P.; Jacobel, A.W.; Hovan, S.; Pockalny, R.; Lyle, M.; Murray, R.; Ravelo, A.C.; Bova, S.; Dunlea, A.; Ford, H.; Hertzberg, J.; Wertman, C.; Maloney, A.; Shackford, J.; Wejnert, K.; Xie, R. Paleoceanography (2015)
A 6,000-yr Lake Record of Drought from the Pacific Northwest, Nelson, D. N.; Abbott, M. B.; Steinman, B.; Polissar, P. J.;Stansell, N.S.; Ortiz, J. S.; Rosenmeier, M. F.; Finney, B.; Riedel, J. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2011) 10.1073/pnas.1009194108
Extractable organic material in fault zones as a tool to investigate frictional stress, Polissar, P. J.; Savage, H. M.; Brodsky, E. E. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (2011)
Effects of aridity and vegetation on plant-wax δD in modern lake sediments, Polissar, Pratigya J.; Freeman, Katherine H. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 74 p.: 5785-5797 (2010) 10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.018
Paleoaltimetry of the Tibetan Plateau from D/H ratios of lipid biomarkers, Polissar, P. J.;Freeman K. H.;Rowley D. B.;Mcinerney F. A.;Currie B. S. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 287 p.: 64-76 (2009) 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.07.037
Measurement of 13C and 15N Isotopic Composition on Nanomolar Quantities of C and N, Polissar, P. J.; Fulton, J. M.; Junium,C. K.;Turich,C. C.;Freeman, K. H. Analytical Chemistry, Volume: 81, Issue: 2 p.: 755-763 (2009) 10.1016/j.yqres.2006.07.005
Last Glacial Maximum equilibrium-line altitude and paleo-temperature reconstructions for the Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuelan Andes, Stansell, N.; Polissar, P. J.;Abbott, M. B. Quaternary Research, Volume: 67 p.: 115-127 (2007) 10.1016/j.yqres.2006.07.005
Solar modulation of Little Ice Age climate in the tropical Andes, Polissar, P. J.; Abbott, M. B.;Wolfe, A. P.;Bezada, M.;Rull, V.;Bradley, R. S. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume: 103, Issue: 24 p.: 8937-8942 (2006) 10.1073 pnas.0603118103
Hydrologic balance of tropical South America from oxygen isotopes of lake sediment opal, Polissar, P. J.; Abbott, M. B.; Shemesh, A.; Wolfe, A. P.;Bradley, R. S. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 242 p.: 375-389 (2006) 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.12.024
Late Quaternary deglacial history of the Mérida Andes, Venezuela, Stansell, N. D.;Abbott, M. B.;Polissar, P. J.;Wolfe, A. P.;Bezada, M.;Rull, V. Journal of Quaternary Science, Volume: 20, Issue: 7-8 p.: 801-812 (2005) doi:10.1002/jqs.973
15,000-yr pollen record of vegetation change in the high altitude tropical Andes at Laguna Verde Alta, Venezuela, Rull, V.;Abbott, M. B.;Polissar, P. J.; Wolfe, A. P.;Bezada, M.;Bradley, R. S. Quaternary Research, Volume: 64 p.: 308-317 (2005) 10.1016/j.yqres.2005.08.014
Lake records of Holocene climate change, Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuela, Polissar, Pratigya J. Geosciences, Amherst (2005)
Holocene paleohydrology and glacial history of the central Andes using multiproxy lake sediment studies, Abbott, M. B.; Wolfe, B. B.; Wolfe, A. P.; Seltzer, G. O.; Aravena, R.; Mark, B. G.; Polissar, P. J.;Rodbell, D. T.;Rowe, H. D.;Vuille, M. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume: 194 p.: 123-138 (2003) 10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00274-8
Carbon isotopes in aquatic plants, Long Valley caldera, California as records of past hydrothermal and magmatic activity, Reid Jr., J. B.;Reynolds, J. L.; Connolly, N. T.; Getz, S. L.; Polissar, P. J.; Winship, L. J.; Hainsworth, L. J. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 25, Issue: 15 p.: 2853-2856 (1998) 10.1029/98GL01854
Using the sunspot cycle to date ice cores, Steig, E. J.;Morse, D. L.; Waddington, E. D.; Polissar, P. J. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 25, Issue: 2 p.: 163-166 (1998) 10.1029/97GL03566
Large amplitude solar modulation cycles of 10Be in Antarctica: implications for atmospheric mixing processes and interpretation of the ice core record, Steig, E. J.; Polissar, P. J.; Stuiver, M.; Grootes, P. M.; Finkel, R. C. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 23, Issue: 5 p.: 523 (1996) 10.1029/96GL00255
Sliding rocks at the Racetrack, Death Valley: What makes them move?, Reid Jr., J. B.; Bucklin, E. P.; Copenagle, L.; Kidder, J.; Pack, S. M.; Polissar, P. J.;Williams, M. L. Geology, Volume: 23, Issue: 9 p.: 819-822 (1995) 10.1130/0091-7613(1995)​023<0819:SRATRD>​2.3.CO;2
Joaquim Goes
Personal Information
Joaquim
Goes
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Contact Information
7 Marine Biology
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8467

Fax: 

(845) 365-8150

Fields of interest: 

a) Marine phytoplankton physiology and productivity b) Climate change and its impact on ocean biota and biogeochemical processes c) Development of ocean color and other remote sensing algorithms and methods for studying ocean carbon cycling and air-s

My major research efforts have been directed at understanding the structure and functioning of plankton ecosystems and their response to physical forcing so that a capability can be developed to forecast responses of marine ecosystems to global change (Goes et al, 2001. 2004, 2005; Limsakul et al., 2001). For my research work I rely on an approach that examines phytoplankton at the cellular level, where changes in phytoplankton cell physiology, biochemistry and optical properties are studied as a means of evaluating their role and response to changes in the environment (Goes et al., 2002). With the help of empirical or semi-analytical modeling techniques, information obtained at the cellular level is then extrapolated to regional and global scales using data from satellites and ships. Research on this front has led to the development of satellite based methods that have made it possible to assess how large-scale climatic events such as El-Niño and La Niña, the North Atlantic Oscillation impact atmospheric CO2 draw down by phytoplankton (export production). (Goes et al, 200, 2004) Ship and satellite studies, currently underway in the Arabian Sea, have provided the first indications of rapid ecosystem changes being brought about by global warming and the rapid decline in snow over the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau region (Goes et al.,2005, Gomes et al., 2008; 2009). Bio-optical and phytoplankton physiological studies being undertaken in the Bering Sea are aiding in the development of regional satellite ocean color algorithms that will help assess how the Bering Sea shelf ecosystem is responding to changes in sea-ice concentrations. In the Amazon River Plume, ship and satellite are being collected to help understand the influence of the Amazon River on the pelagic ecosystem, carbon cycling and sequestration in the tropical north Atlantic and the sensitivity of this ecosystem to anthropogenic climate change.

Education
Doctor of Science
Nagoya University, Japan
05/1996
Master of Science
Bombay University
09/1985
Bachelor of Science
Bombay University
06/1980
Richard Seager
Personal Information
Richard
Seager
Palisades Geophysical Institute/Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
105B Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8743

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

My interests are in climate variability and change on timescales of seasons to millennia and in particular the causes of multiyear droughts around the world and how climate change will impact global hydroclimate. I analyze observations, proxy climate rec

I am currently the Palisades Geophysical Institute/Lamont Research Professor at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University in Palisades, New York. I gained my undergraduate degree at Liverpool University in England and came to the United States in 1983 as a graduate student at Columbia. My Ph. D work was completed in 1990 under the supervision of Professor Mark Cane and Dr. Steve Zebiak and involved using tropical atmosphere and ocean models to understand key features of the tropical climate. In 1991-2 I completed a postdoctoral appointment at the University of Washington before returning to Lamont, this time to stay.

Throughout my career I have used numerical models, observations and proxy reconstructions of past climates to understand the physical mechanisms responsible for climate variability and change on seasonal to glacial-interglacial timescales. I have a particular interest in how the variation of the tropical atmosphere-ocean system organize climate on a global scale. I have also studied the reasons why the mean climate of the planet is the way it is and why Europe has mild winters, why there is a tropical Pacific warm pool, why there are subtropical anticyclones etc. My recent work has focused on the mechanisms of persistent North American drought and its relation to tropical Pacific and tropical Atlantic Ocean temperature variations. This work has led me into studies of Medieval megadroughts in the American West and studies of the hydrological future of the West.

Education
PhD
Columbia University
1990
MA
Columbia University
1985
B.Sc
Liverpool Unversity
1983
M.Phil
Columbia University
1990
Yutian Wu, APAM
Selected Publications:
Observed strengthening of the zonal sea surface temperature gradient across the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Karnauskas, K. B.; Seager, R.; Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate (In Press)
Megadroughts in North America: Placing IPCC projections of hydroclimatic change in a long-term paleoclimate context, Cook, E R; Seager, R; Heim, R R; Vose, R S; Herweijer, C; Woodhouse, C W Journal of Quaternary Science, Volume: 25, Issue: 1 p.: 48-61 (2010)
Global warming and the 21st century hydroclimate of southwestern North America, Seager, R; Vecchi, G Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2010)
Mechanisms of tropical Atlantic SST influence on North American hydroclimate variability, Kushnir, Y; Seager, R; Ting, M; Naik, N; Nakamura, J Journal of Climate (2010)
Role of tropical Pacific SSTs in global medieval hydroclimate: A modeling study, Burgman, R; Seager, R; Clement A; Herweijer C Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 37 p.: doi (2010)
Adjustment of the atmospheric circulation to tropical Pacific SST anomalies: Variability of transient eddy propagation in the Pacific North-America sector, Seager, R; Naik, N; Ting M; Harnik N; Cane M; Kushnir Y Q J Royal Meteor Soc, Volume: 136 p.: 277-296 (2010)
Forced and Internal 20th Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic, Ting, M.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Li, C. Journal of Climate March/2009, Volume: 22, Issue: 6 p.: 13 (2009) 10.1175/2008JCLI2561.1
Amplification of the North American "Dust Bowl" drought through human-induced land degradation, Cook, B. I.; Miller, R. L.; Seager, R. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Mar 31, Volume: 106, Issue: 13 p.: 4997-5001 (2009) DOI 10.1073/pnas.0810200106
Mexican drought: an observational modeling and tree ring study of variability and climate change, Seager, R.; Ting, M.; Davis, M.; Cane, M.; Naik, N.; Nakamura, J.; Li, C.; Cook, E.; Stahle, D. W. Atmosfera Jan 1, Volume: 22, Issue: 1 p.: 1-31 (2009)
Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic, Ting, M. F.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Li, C. H. Journal of Climate Mar, Volume: 22, Issue: 6 p.: 1469-1481 (2009) Doi 10.1175/2008jcli2561.1
The evolution of the equatorial Pacific zonal SST gradient during the twentieth century, Karnauskas, K B; Seager, R; Kaplan, A; Kushnir, Y; Cane, M A J Climate, Volume: 22, Issue: 16 p.: 4316-4321 (2009)
Megadroughts in North America: Placing IPCC projections of hydroclimatic change in a long term paleoclimatic context, Cook, E; Seager, R; Heim, R; Vose, R; Herweijer, C; Woodhouse, C; Journal of Quaternary Science p.: doi (2009)
Amplification of the North American Dust Bowl drought through human-induced land surface degradation, Cook, B; Miller, R; Seager, R Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume: 106 p.: 4997-5001 (2009)
Forced and internal 20th Century SST changes in the North Atlantic, Ting, M; Kushnir, Y; Seager, R; Li, C Journal of Climate, Volume: 22 p.: 1469-1481 (2009)
Dust and sea surface temperature forcing of the 1930s "Dust Bowl" drought, Cook, B. I.; Miller, R. L.; Seager, R. Geophysical Research Letters Apr 22, Volume: 35, Issue: 8 p.: - (2008) Doi 10.1029/2008gl033486
Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought?, Seager, R.;Kushnir, Y.;Ting, M.F.;Cane, M.A.;Naik, N.;Velez(Nakamura), J. Journal of Climate, Volume: 21 p.: 3261-3281. DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI2134.1 (2008)
Dust and sea surface temperature forcing of the 1930s "Dust Bowl" drought, Cook, B. I.; Miller, R. L.; Seager, R. Geophysical Research Letters Apr 22, Volume: 35, Issue: 8 p.: - (2008) Doi 10.1029/2008gl033486
Volcanoes and ENSO over the past millennium, Emile-Geay, J.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A.; Cook, E. R.; Haug, G. H. Journal of Climate Jul, Volume: 21, Issue: 13 p.: 3134-3148 (2008) Doi 10.1175/2007jcli1884.1
The global footprint of persistent extra-tropical drought in the instrumental era, Herweijer, C.; Seager, R. International Journal of Climatology Nov 15, Volume: 28, Issue: 13 p.: 1761-1774 (2008) Doi 10.1002/Joc.1590
Tropical Pacific Forcing of North American Medieval Megadroughts: Testing the Concept with an Atmosphere Model Forced by Coral-Reconstructed SSTs, Seager, R.; Burgman, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Clement, A.; Cook, E.; Naik, N.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate Dec 1, Volume: 21, Issue: 23 p.: 6175-6190 (2008) Doi 10.1175/2008jcli2170.1
Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the dust bowl drought?, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Ting, M.; Cane, M.; Naik, N.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate Jul, Volume: 21, Issue: 13 p.: 3261-3281 (2008) Doi 10.1175/2007jcli2134.1
Arabian Sea response to monsoon variations, Murtugudde, R.; Seager, R.; Thoppil, P. Paleoceanography Dec 21, Volume: 22, Issue: 4 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2007pa001467
Blueprints for Medieval hydroclimate, Seager, R.; Graham, N.; Herweijer, C.; Gordon, A. L.; Kushnir, Y.; Cook, E. Quaternary Science Reviews Oct, Volume: 26, Issue: 19-21 p.: 2322-2336 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.04.020
El Nino as a mediator of the solar influence on climate, Emile-Geay, J.; Cane, M.; Seager, R.; Kaplan, A.; Almasi, P. Paleoceanography Aug 8, Volume: 22, Issue: 3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001304
Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America, Seager, R.; Ting, M. F.; Held, I.; Kushnir, Y.; Lu, J.; Vecchi, G.; Huang, H. P.; Harnik, N.; Leetmaa, A.; Lau, N. C.; Li, C. H.; Velez, J.; Naik, N. Science May 25, Volume: 316, Issue: 5828 p.: 1181-1184 (2007) DOI 10.1126/science.1139601
North American drought: Reconstructions, causes, and consequences, Cook, E. R.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A.; Stahle, D. W. Earth-Science Reviews Mar, Volume: 81, Issue: 1-2 p.: 93-134 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.12.002
North American droughts of the last millennium from a gridded network of tree-ring data, Herweijer, C.; Seager, R.; Cook, E. R.; Emile-Geay, J. Journal of Climate Apr 1, Volume: 20, Issue: 7 p.: 1353-1376 (2007) Doi 10.1175/Jcli4042.1
The turn of the century North American drought: Global context, dynamics, and past analogs, Seager, R. Journal of Climate Nov 15, Volume: 20, Issue: 22 p.: 5527-5552 (2007) Doi 10.1175/2007jcli1529.1
Predicting drought on seasonal-to-decadal time scales, Schubert, S.; Koster, R.; Hoerling, M.; Seager, R.; Lettenmaier, D.; Kumar, A.; Gutzler, D. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Oct, Volume: 88, Issue: 10 p.: 1625-1630 (2007) Doi 10.1175/Bams-88-10-1625
North American droughts of the mid to late nineteenth century: a history, simulation and implication for Mediaeval drought, Herweijer, C.; Seager, R.; Cook, E. R. Holocene Mar, Volume: 16, Issue: 2 p.: 159-171 (2006) Doi 10.1191/0959683606hl917rp
The source of Europe's mild climate, Seager, R. , American Scientist , Volume: 94, Issue: 4 (2006)
The 1976/77 transition in precipitation over the Americas and the influence of tropical sea surface temperature, Huang, H. P.; Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y. Climate Dynamics Jun, Volume: 24, Issue: 7-8 p.: 721-740 (2005) DOI 10.1007/s00382-005-0015-6
Mechanisms of ENSO-forcing of hemispherically symmetric precipitation variability, Seager, R.; Harnik, N.; Robinson, W. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Ting, M.; Huang, H. P.; Velez, J. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Apr, Volume: 131, Issue: 608 p.: 1501-1527 (2005) Doi 10.1256/Qj.04.96
Modeling of tropical forcing of persistent droughts and pluvials over western North America: 1856-2000, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Herweijer, C.; Naik, N.; Velez, J. Journal of Climate Oct 1, Volume: 18, Issue: 19 p.: 4065-4088 (2005)
Tropical Pacific-driven decadel energy transport variability, Hazeleger, W.; Severijns, C.; Seager, R.; Molteni, F. Journal of Climate Jun 15, Volume: 18, Issue: 12 p.: 2037-2051 (2005)
Why are there tropical warm pools?, Clement, A. C.; Seager, R.; Murtugudde, R. Journal of Climate Dec, Volume: 18, Issue: 24 p.: 5294-5311 (2005)
Why ocean heat transport warms the global mean climate, Herweijer, C.; Seager, R.; Winton, M.; Clement, A. Tellus Series a-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography Aug, Volume: 57, Issue: 4 p.: 662-675 (2005)
How can tropical Pacific Ocean heat transport vary?, Hazeleger, W.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A.; Naik, N. H. Journal of Physical Oceanography Jan, Volume: 34, Issue: 1 p.: 320-333 (2004)
Predictability of tropical Pacific decadal variability in an intermediate model, Karspeck, A. R.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Jul, Volume: 17, Issue: 14 p.: 2842-2850 (2004)
Air-sea interaction and the seasonal cycle of the subtropical anticyclones, Seager, R.; Murtugudde, R.; Naik, N.; Clement, A.; Gordon, N.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate Jun, Volume: 16, Issue: 12 p.: 1948-1966 (2003)
Mechanisms of hemispherically symmetric climate variability, Seager, R.; Harnik, N.; Kushnir, Y.; Robinson, W.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate Sep, Volume: 16, Issue: 18 p.: 2960-2978 (2003)
Warren revisited: Atmospheric freshwater fluxes and "Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific', Emile-Geay, J.; Cane, M. A.; Naik, N.; Seager, R.; Clement, A. C.; van Geen, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jun 5, Volume: 108, Issue: C6 p.: - (2003) Doi 10.1029/2001jc001058
Why is there an evaporation minimum at the equator?, Seager, R.; Murtugudde, R.; Clement, A.; Herweijer, C. Journal of Climate Nov, Volume: 16, Issue: 22 p.: 3793-3802 (2003)
A simple coupled model of tropical Atlantic decadal climate variability, Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Miller, J.; Chiang, J. C. H. Geophysical Research Letters Dec 13, Volume: 29, Issue: 23 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2002gl015874
Tropical snowline depression at the Last Glacial Maximum: Comparison with proxy records using a single-cell tropical climate model, Greene, A. M.; Seager, R.; Broecker, W. S. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres Apr, Volume: 107, Issue: D7-8 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2001jd000670
Is the Gulf Stream responsible for Europe's mild winters?, Seager, R.; Battisti, D. S.; Yin, J.; Gordon, N.; Naik, N.; Clement, A. C.; Cane, M. A. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Volume: 128 (2002) 10.1256/Qj.01.128
The ENSO teleconnection to the tropical Atlantic Ocean: Contributions of the remote and local SSTs to rainfall variability in the tropical Americas, Giannini, A.; Chiang, J. C. H.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 24 p.: 4530-4544 (2001)
Impact of the midlatitude storm track on the upper Pacific Ocean, Hazeleger, W.; Seager, R.; Visbeck, M.; Naik, N.; Rodgers, K. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 31, Issue: 2 p.: 616-636 (2001)
Looking for the role of the ocean in tropical Atlantic decadal climate variability, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Chang, P.; Naik, N.; Miller, J.; Hazeleger, W. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 5 p.: 638-655 (2001)
An orbitally driven tropical source for abrupt climate change, Clement, A. C.; Cane, M. A.; Seager, R. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 11 p.: 2369-2375 (2001)
Wind-driven shifts in the latitude of the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension and generation of SST anomalies on decadal timescales, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Naik, N. H.; Cane, M. A.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 22 p.: 4249-4265 (2001)
Causes of Atlantic Ocean climate variability between 1958 and 1998, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Visbeck, M.; Naik, N.; Miller, J.; Krahmann, G.; Cullen, H. Journal of Climate Aug 15, Volume: 13, Issue: 16 p.: 2845-2862 (2000)
Glacial cooling in the tropics: Exploring the roles of tropospheric water vapor, surface wind speed, and boundary layer processes, Seager, R.; Clement, A. C.; Cane, M. A. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Jul 1, Volume: 57, Issue: 13 p.: 2144-2157 (2000)
Climate and the tropical oceans, Clement, A.; Seager, R. Journal of Climate Dec, Volume: 12, Issue: 12 p.: 3383-3401 (1999)
Orbital controls on the El Nino/Southern Oscillation and the tropical climate, Clement, A. C.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Aug, Volume: 14, Issue: 4 p.: 441-456 (1999)
Ocean modeling for ENSO, Stockdale, T. N.; Busalacchi, A. J.; Harrison, D. E.; Seager, R. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jun 29, Volume: 103, Issue: C7 p.: 14325-14355 (1998)
Ocean dynamics, thermocline adjustment, and regulation of tropical SST, Seager, R.; Murtugudde, R. Journal of Climate Mar, Volume: 10, Issue: 3 p.: 521-534 (1997)
Twentieth-century sea surface temperature trends, Cane, M. A.; Clement, A. C.; Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Pozdnyakov, D.; Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E.; Murtugudde, R. Science Feb 14, Volume: 275, Issue: 5302 p.: 957-960 (1997)
An ocean dynamical thermostat, Clement, A. C.; Seager, R.; Cane, M. A.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of Climate Sep, Volume: 9, Issue: 9 p.: 2190-2196 (1996)
Simulation of the tropical oceans with an ocean GCM coupled to an atmospheric mixed-layer model, Murtugudde, R.; Seager, R.; Busalacchi, A. Journal of Climate Aug, Volume: 9, Issue: 8 p.: 1795-1815 (1996)
An Advective Atmospheric Mixed-Layer Model for Ocean Modeling Purposes - Global Simulation of Surface Heat Fluxes, Seager, R.; Blumenthal, M. B.; Kushnir, Y. Journal of Climate Aug, Volume: 8, Issue: 8 p.: 1951-1964 (1995)
On heat flux boundary conditions for ocean models, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Physical Oceanography Dec, Volume: 25, Issue: 12 p.: 3219-3230 (1995)
Simulation of Tropical Climate with a Linear Primitive Equation Model, Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of Climate Oct, Volume: 8, Issue: 10 p.: 2497-2520 (1995)
Convective Interaction with Dynamics in a Linear Primitive Equation Model, Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences May 15, Volume: 51, Issue: 10 p.: 1307-1331 (1994)
Modeling Tropical Pacific Sea-Surface Temperature with Satellite-Derived Solar Radiative Forcing, Seager, R.; Blumenthal, M. B. Journal of Climate Dec, Volume: 7, Issue: 12 p.: 1943-1957 (1994)
A Simple-Model of the Climatology and Variability of the Low-Level Wind-Field in the Tropics, Seager, R. Journal of Climate Feb, Volume: 4, Issue: 2 p.: 164-179 (1991)
A Model of the Tropical Pacific Sea-Surface Temperature Climatology, Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Feb 15, Volume: 93, Issue: C2 p.: 1265-1280 (1988)
Gisela Winckler
Personal Information
Gisela
Winckler
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Geochemistry
Lecturer
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Contact Information
209 Comer
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8756

Fax: 

(845) 365-8155

Fields of interest: 

Marine geochemistry, Paleoclimatology, Paleoceanography, Tracer oceanography, dust, paleoclimate

My research interests involve the application of trace elements and isotopes, such as noble gases, radiogenic, cosmogenic, and extraterrestrial nuclides as well as oxygen, carbon and hydrogen isotopes, to problems at the interface between climate, biogeochemistry, and environmental studies., Most of my studies focus on marine systems, both modern and paleo. More recently, I have started working with ice cores as an archive of past climate conditions.

Education
Ph.D.
Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg
1998
Diploma
Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg
1993
Selected Publications:
Mantle helium reveals Southern Ocean hydrothermal venting, Winckler, G.; Newton, R.; Schlosser, P.;Crone, T Geophysical Research Letters (2010) 10.1029/2009GL042093
Covariant glacial-interglacial dust fluxes in the equatorial Pacific and Antarctica, Winckler, G.; Anderson, R. F.; Fleisher, M. Q.; McGee, D.; Mahowald, N. Science Apr 4, Volume: 320, Issue: 5872 p.: 93-96 (2008) DOI 10.1126/science.1150595
30,000 years of cosmic dust in Antarctic ice, Winckler, G.; Fischer, H. Science Jul 28, Volume: 313, Issue: 5786 p.: 491-491 (2006) DOI 10.1126/science.1127469
Equatorial Pacific productivity and dust flux during the mid-Pleistocene climate transition, Winckler, G.; Anderson, R. F.; Schlosser, P. Paleoceanography Dec 17, Volume: 20, Issue: 4 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2005pa001177
Does interplanetary dust control 100 kyr glacial cycles?, Winckler, G.; Anderson, R. F.; Stute, M.; Schlosser, P. Quaternary Science Reviews Oct, Volume: 23, Issue: 18-19 p.: 1873-1878 (2004) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.05.007
Noble gases and radiocarbon in natural gas hydrates, Winckler, G.; Aeschbach-Hertig, W.; Holocher, J.; Kipfer, R.; Levin, I.; Poss, C.; Rehder, G.; Suess, E.; Schlosser, P. Geophysical Research Letters May 15, Volume: 29, Issue: 10 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2001gl014013
Salty brines on the Mediterranean sea floor, Wallmann, K.; Suess, E.; Westbrook, G. H.; Winckler, G.; Cita, M. B. Nature May 1, Volume: 387, Issue: 6628 p.: 31-32 (1997)
Mark A. Cane
Personal Information
Mark
A.
Cane
G. Unger Vetlesen Professor of Earth and Climate Sciences
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
105B Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8344

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Tropical Oceanography, Climate Modeling, Paleoclimate, Impacts of Climate on Society, El Niño forecasting, DataAnalysis Methods.

Like so many other oceanographers, I was born in Brooklyn, New York, in the days before the Dodgers left and precipitated the decline of American civilization. I was lucky enough to work on the tropical oceans in the era when we came to understand and predict El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the now famous pattern of interannual climate variability with well-publicized global consequences. Together with then student Steve Zebiak, I devised the first numerical model able to simulate ENSO, and in 1985 we used this model to make the first physically based forecasts of El Niño. Over the years the Zebiak-Cane model has been the primary tool used by many investigators to enhance understanding of ENSO.

Making predictions led to asking what to do with them. So I began to work on the impact of El Niño and other climate variability on human activity, especially agriculture and health. My 1994 paper (with student Gidon Eshel) on the strong effect of El Niño on the maize crop in Zimbabwe has been influential in prompting decision makers to consider climate variability. This line of inquiry led to the creation of the International Research Institute for Seasonal to Interannual Climate Prediction, housed here at Lamont.

While I continue to work on numerical models, equatorial dynamics, El Niño, prediction of climate variations and climate impacts, and global climate issues, my main interests at present are explaining the variations in the paleoclimate record, especially the astoundingly strong abrupt changes and the succession of droughts over the past millennium.

Some of my projects include:

Education
Ph.D.
MIT
1975
Master of Arts
1966
Bachelor of Arts
Harvard
1965
Steven L. Goldstein
Personal Information
Steven
L.
Goldstein
Associate Director - Geochemistry
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Geochemistry
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Contact Information
213 Comer
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8787

Fax: 

(845) 365-8155

Fields of interest: 

Geochemistry, isotope geology, how the earth works

The Earth is an incredibly dynamic planet. Throughout its four and a half billion year history, magmas generated in the mantle have been creating crust, which in turn has been mixed back into the mantle by subduction. Formation of the continents and the core have resulted major chemical differentiation of the planet. The combination of chemical fractionations and the decay of radioactive elements in rocks impart "fingerprints" that we use to understand how these processes work, and to determine the timing of events.

These fingerprints are among the most versatile geological tracers. Their applicability extends across the spectrum of the Earth sciences and is limited only by our creativity and imagination. Among the most exciting aspects of isotope geochemistry is that we are neither "hard-" nor "soft" rockers, neither "Quaternary-" nor "Archean" geologists.

At Lamont, we are using chemical and isotopic tracers in studies ranging from deep Earth processes and evolution to Quaternary climate change. Our igneous studies include the history of continental growth as well magma formation processes at ocean ridges, ocean islands, and island arcs. Low-temperature studies include tracing element fluxes in the present-day oceans and through time, and quantifying the timing of climate change through dating of sediments only thousands of years old. The next decade promises to be the most exciting yet as new analytical techniques will extend our arsenal of isotopic tracers.

I found Lamont to be an amazingly exciting place to be a Ph.D. student, and this is why I returned as a faculty member when the opportunity arose. Its combination of great intellectual breadth and range of resources and friendliness make a great environment for research and education.

Education
Ph.D.
Columbia University
1986
MA
Harvard University
1978
BA
Columbia University
1976
Randye Rutberg, faculty, Hunter College, CUNY
Alexandra LaGatta, faculty, St. Mary's College of California
Alexander Piotrowski, faculty, U of Cambridge
William Thompson, scientist, Wood Hole Oceanographic Institution
Kevin Jones, Exxon-Mobil
Kyla Simons, Exxon Mobil
Jason Jweda, ConocoPhillips
Yue Cai, Associate Research Scientist, LDEO
Selected Publications:
High precision Sr-Nd-Hf-Pb isotopic compositions of USGS Standard Reference Material BCR-2, Jweda, J., Bolge, L., Class, C., Goldstein, S.L. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research (2015)
Biogeochemical cycling of Nd along the eastern margin of the North Atlantic, Stichel, T.; Hartman, A.E.; Duggan, B.; Goldstein, S.L.; Scher, H.D.; Pahnke, K. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 412 p.: 245-260 (2015)
Dead Sea drawdown and monsoonal influences in the Levant during the last interglacial, Torfstein, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Stein, M.; Kushnir, Y.; Enzel, Y.; Haug, G. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 412 p.: 235-244 (2015)
A comparison of detrital U-Pb zircon, 40Ar/39Ar hornblende, and 40Ar/39Ar biotite ages in marine sediments off East Antarctica: implications for the geology of subglacial terrains and provenance studies, Pierce, E.L.; Hemming, S.R.; Williams, T.W.; van de Flierdt, T.; Brachfeld, S.A.; Gehrels, G.; Goldstein, S.L.; Reiners, P.W.; Thompson, S.N. Earth Science Reviews (2014)
Hafnium isotope evidence for slab melt contributions in the Central Mexican Volcanic Belt and implications for slab melting in hot and cold slab arcs, Cai, Y.; LaGatta, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Langmuir, C.H.; Gómez-Tuena, A.; Martín-del Pozzo, A.-L.; Carrasco-Núñez, G. Chemical Geology, Volume: 377 p.: 45-55 (2014)
Biological response to millennial variability of dust supply in the Subantarctic South Atlantic Ocean, Anderson, R.F.; Barker, S.; Fleisher, M.; Gersonde R.; Goldstein, S.L.; Kuhn G.; Mortyn, P.G.; Pahnke, K.; Julian P. Sachs, J.P. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Lond. Ser. A., Volume: 372 (2014)
Meter-scale Nd isotopic heterogeneity in pyroxenite-bearing Ligurian peridotites encompasses global-scale upper mantle variability, Borghini, G.; Rampone, E.; Zanetti, A.; Class, C.; Cipriani, A.; Hofmann, A.W.; Goldstein, S.L. Geology, Volume: 41 p.: 1055-1058 (2013) 10.1130/g34438.1
Dust transport and synoptic conditions over the Sahara-Arabia deserts during the MIS6/5 and 2/1 transitions from physical, chemical and isotopic properties of Red Sea cores, Palchan, D.; Stein, M.; Almogi-Labin, A.; Erel, Y.; Goldstein, S.L. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , Volume: 382 p.: 125-129 (2013)
Rapid Changes in Meridional Advection of Southern Ocean Intermediate Waters to the Tropical Pacific During the last 30 kyr, Pena, L.D.; Goldstein, S.L.; Hemming, S.R.; Jones, K.M.; Calvo, E.; Pelejero, C.; Cacho, I. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 368 p.: 20-32 (2013)
An integrated multi-site U-Th chronology of last glacial Lake Lisan, Torfstein, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Kagan, E.; Stein, M. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 104 p.: 210-231 (2013)
Li/Mg systematics in scleractinian corals: Calibration of the thermometer, Montagna, P.; McCulloch, M.; Douville, E.; Correa, M.L.; Trotter, J.; Rodolfo-Metalpa, R.; Dissard, D.; Ferrier-Pages, C.; Frank, N.; Freiwald, A.; Goldstein, S.; Mazzoli, C.; Reynaud, S.; Ruggeberg, A.; Russo, S.; Taviani, M. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 132 p.: 288-310 (2013)
Dust transport and synoptic conditions over the Sahara-Arabia deserts during the MIS6/5 and 2/1 transitions from physical, chemical and isotopic properties of Red Sea cores, Palchan, D.; Stein, M.; Almogi-Labin, A.; Erel, Y.; Goldstein, S.L. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , Volume: 382 p.: 125-129 (2013)
Inter-laboratory study for coral Sr/Ca and other element/Ca ratio measurements, Hathorne, E.C.; Gagnon, A.; Felis, T.; Adkins, J;, Ryuji, A.; Boer, W.; Caillon, N.; Case, D.; Cobb, K.; Douville, E.; deMenocal, P.; Eisenhauer, A.; Garbe-Schönberg, C.-D.; Geibert, W.; Goldstein, S.; Hughen, K.; Inoue, M.; Kawahata, H.; et al. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Volume: 14 p.: 3730-3750 (2013)
Radiocarbon reservoir ages as freshwater-brine monitors in Lake Lisan - Dead Sea system, Stein, M.; Lazar, B.; Goldstein, S.L. Radiocarbon, Volume: 55 p.: 1050-1057 (2013)
Rapid Changes in Meridional Advection of Southern Ocean Intermediate Waters to the Tropical Pacific During the last 30 kyr, Pena, L.D.; Goldstein, S.L.; Hemming, S.R.; Jones, K.M.; Calvo, E.; Pelejero, C.; Cacho, I. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 368 p.: 20-32 (2013)
Impacts of abrupt climate changes in the Levant from last glacial Dead Sea levels, Torfstein, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Stein, M.; Enzel, Y. Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume: 69 p.: 1-7 (2013)
An integrated multi-site U-Th chronology of last glacial Lake Lisan, Torfstein, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Kagan, E.; Stein, M. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 104 p.: 210-231 (2013)
GEOTRACES intercalibration of neodymium isotopes and rare earth element concentrations in seawater and suspended particles - Part 2: systematic tests and baseline profiles, Pahnke, K.; van De Flierdt, T.; Jones, K.M.; Lambelet, M.; Hemming, S.R.; Goldstein, S.L. Limnology and Oceanography - Methods, Volume: 10 p.: 253-269 (2012)
Sources and transport routes of fine detritus material to the Late Quaternary Dead Sea basin, Haliva-Cohen, A.; Stein, M.; Goldstein, S.L.; Sandler, A.; Starinsky, A. Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume: 49 p.: 1-16 (2012)
GEOTRACES intercalibration of neodymium isotopes and rare earth elements in seawater and marine particulates – Part 1: international intercomparison, van de Flierdt, T.; Pahnke, K.; Amakawa, H.; Andersson, P.; Basak, C.; Colin, C.; Crocket, K.; Frank, M.; Frank, N.; Goldstein, S.L.; Goswami, V.; Haley, B.A.; Hathorne, E.C.; Hemming, S.R.; Henderson, G.M.; Jeandel, C.; Jones, K.; Kreissig, K.; et al. Limnology and Oceanography-Methods, Volume: 10 p.: 234-251 (2012)
Preboreal onset of cold-water coral growth beyond the Arctic Circle revealed by coupled radiocarbon and U-series dating and neodymium isotopes, López Correa, M.; Montagna, P.; Joseph, N.; Rüggeberg, A.; Fietzke, J.; Dorschel, B.; Goldstein, S.L.; Wheeler, A.; Freiwald, A. Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume: 34 p.: 24-43 (2012)
Enriched basalts at segment Centers: the Lucky Strike (37º 17' N) and Menez Gwen (37º 50' N) segments of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Gale, A.; Escrig, S.; Gier, E.J.; Langmuir, C.H.; Goldstein, S.L. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Volume: 12 p.: Q06016 (2012)
Characterizing the sediment provenance of East Antarctica's weak underbelly: The Aurora and Wilkes sub-glacial basins, Pierce, Pierce, E.L.; Williams T.; van de Flierdt, T.; Hemming, S.R.; Goldstein, S.L.; Brachfeld, S.A. Paleoceanography, Volume: 26, Issue: PA4217 p.: 10.1029/2011PA002127 (2011)
Enriched basalts at segment Centers: the Lucky Strike (37º 17' N) and Menez Gwen (37º 50' N) segments of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Gale, A.; Escrig, S.; Gier, E.J.; Langmuir, C.H.; Goldstein, S.L. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Volume: 12 p.: Q06016 (2011)
Crystal growth during dike injection of MOR basaltic melts: evidence from preservation of local Sr equilibria in plagioclase, Zellmer, G.F.; Rubin, K.H.; Dulski, P.; Lizuka, Y.; Goldstein, S. L.; Perfit, M.R. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume: 161 p.: 153-173 (2011)
Magmatic Diversity of western Mexico as a function of metamorphic transformations in the subducted oceanic plates, Gómez-Tuena; A., Mori, L.; Goldstein, S.L.; Pérez-Arvizu, O. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 75 p.: 213-241 (2011)
Slab and mantle controls on the Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotope evolution of the post-42 Myr Izu Bonin volcanic arc, Straub, S M; Goldstein, S L; Class, C; Schmidt, A; Gomez-Tuena, A Journal of Petrology (2010)
Evidence for iceberg armadas from East Antarctica in the Southern Ocean during the late Miocene and early Pliocene, Williams, T; van de Flierdt, T; Hemming, SR; Chung, E; Roy, M; Goldstein, SL Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 290 p.: 351-361 (2010)
Lithium isotopes in Guatamalan and Franciscan HP-LT rocks: insights into the role of sediment-derived fluids during subduction, Simons, K.K.; Harlow, G.E.; Brueckner, H.K.; Goldstein, S.L.; Sorensen, S.S.; Hemming, N.G.; Langmuir, C.H. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume: 74 p.: 3621-3641 (2010)
Contrasting compositions of Saharan dust in the eastern Atlantic Ocean during the last deglaciation and African Humid Period, Cole, J. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; deMenocal, P. B.; Hemming, S. R.; Grousset, F. E. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 278, Issue: 3-4 p.: 257-266 (2009) doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.12.011
Mid-ocean-ridge basalt of Indian type in the northwest Pacific Ocean basin, Straub, S. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Class, C.; Schmidt, A. Nature Geoscience Apr, Volume: 2, Issue: 4 p.: 286-289 (2009) Doi 10.1038/Ngeo471
Comprehensive refertilization of lithospheric mantle beneath the North China Craton: further Os-Sr-Nd isotopic constraints, Zhang, H.F.; Goldstein, S.L.; Zhou, X.H.; Sun, M.; Cai, Y. Journal of the Geological Society 03/2009, Volume: 166 p.: 11 (2009)
Osmium isotopes in Grande Comore lavas: constraints on EM-type mantle components, Class, C; Goldstein, S L; Shirey, S B Earth and Planetary Letters, Volume: 284 p.: 219-227 (2009)
Use of strontium isotopes in detrital sediments to constrain the glacial position of the Agulhas Retroflection, Franzese, A. M.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L. Paleoceanography, Volume: 24 (2009) 10.1029/2008PA001706
Lithospheric removal as a trigger for flood basalt magmatism in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Mori, L.; Gómez-Tuena, A.; Schaaf, P.; Goldstein, S.L.; Pérez-Arvizu, O.; Solís-Pichardo, G. Journal of Petrology, Volume: 50 p.: 2157-2186 (2009)
Mantle source variations beneath the Eastern Lau Spreading Center and the nature of subduction components in the Lau basin-Tonga arc system, Escrig, S.; Bézos, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Langmuir, C.H.; Michael, P.J. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Volume: 10 p.: Q04014 (2009)
Evolution of subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath eastern China: Re-Os isotopic evidence from mantle xenoliths in Paleozoic kimberlites and Mesozoic basalts, Zhang, H. F.; Goldstein, S. L.; Zhou, X. H.; Sun, M.; Zheng, J. P.; Cai, Y. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Mar, Volume: 155, Issue: 3 p.: 271-293 (2008) DOI 10.1007/s00410-007-0241-5
Origin of a 'Southern Hemisphere' geochemical signature in the Arctic upper mantle, Goldstein, S. L.; Soffer, G.; Langmuir, C. H.; Lehnert, K. A.; Graham, D. W.; Michael, P. J. Nature May 1, Volume: 453, Issue: 7191 p.: 89-U5 (2008) Doi 10.1038/Nature06919
Modeling the marine nd isotope variability with an offline ocean general circulation model, Jones, K. M.; Khatiwala, S.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; van de Flierdt, T. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Jul, Volume: 72, Issue: 12 p.: A439-A439 (2008)
Abrupt changes in Antarctic Intermediate Water circulation over the past 25,000 years, Pahnke, K; Goldstein, S.L.; Hemming, S.R. Nature Geoscience, Volume: 1 p.: 870-874 (2008)
Towards explaining the Nd paradox using reversible scavenging in an ocean general circulation model, Siddall, M.; Khatiwala, S.; van de Flierdt, T.; Jones, K.; Goldstein, S.L.; Hemming, S.R.; Anderson, R.F. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 274 p.: 448-461 (2008)
A Pan-African Origin of the Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains, Antarctica, van de Flierdt, T.; Hemming, S.R.; Goldstein, S.L.; Gehrels, G.E.; Cox, S.E. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 35 p.: L21303 (2008)
Ar-40/Ar-39 ages of hornblende grains and bulk Sm/Nd isotopes of circum-Antarctic glacio-marine sediments: Implications for sediment provenance in the Southern Ocean, Roy, M.; van de Flierdt, T. V.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L. Chemical Geology Oct 15, Volume: 244, Issue: 3-4 p.: 507-519 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.07.017
Effects of prolonged flat subduction on the Miocene magmatic record of the central Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Mori, L.; Gomez-Tuena, A.; Cai, Y.; Goldstein, S. L. Chemical Geology Oct 15, Volume: 244, Issue: 3-4 p.: 452-473 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.07.002
Geochemical evidence for slab melting in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Gomez-Tuena, A.; Langmuir, C. H.; Goldstein, S. L.; Straub, S. M.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F. Journal of Petrology Mar, Volume: 48, Issue: 3 p.: 537-562 (2007) DOI 10.1093/petrology/egl071
Global neodymium hafnium isotope systematics - Revisited, Van De Flierdt, T.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Frank, M.; Halliday, A. N. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Aug, Volume: 71, Issue: 15 p.: A1053-A1053 (2007)
Global neodymium-hafnium isotope systematics - revisited, van de Flierdt, T.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Roy, M.; Frank, M.; Halliday, A. N. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Jul 30, Volume: 259, Issue: 3-4 p.: 432-441 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.05.003
Late Quaternary changes in desert dust inputs to the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden from Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios in deep-sea cores, Stein, M.; Almogi-Labin, A.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemleben, C.; Starinsky, A. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Sep 15, Volume: 261, Issue: 1-2 p.: 104-119 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.008
Strontium isotope tracing of terrigenous sediment dispersal in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: Implications for constraining frontal positions, Hemming, S. R.; van de Flierdt, T.; Goldstein, S. L.; Franzese, A. M.; Roy, M.; Gastineau, G.; Landrot, G. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems Jun 13, Volume: 8 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006gc001441
The co-evolution of Black Sea level and composition through the last deglaciation and its paleoclimatic significance, Major, C. O.; Goldstein, S. L.; Ryan, W. B. F.; Lericolais, G.; Piotrowski, A. M.; Hajdas, I. Quaternary Science Reviews Sep, Volume: 25, Issue: 17-18 p.: 2031-2047 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.01.032
Radiogenic isotope fingerprint of Wilkes Land - Adelie Coast Bottom Water in the circum-Antarctic Ocean, van de Flierdt, T.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L.; Abouchami, W. Geophysical Research Letters Jun 24, Volume: 33, Issue: 12 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2006gl026020
The radiogenic isotope fingerprint of Wilkes Land-Adelie Coast Bottom Water in the Circum-Antarctic Ocean, van de Flierdt, T.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L.; Abouchami, W. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Aug-Sep, Volume: 70, Issue: 18 p.: A665-A665 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1243
A radiometric calibration of the SPECMAP timescale, Thompson, W. G.; Goldstein, S. L. Quaternary Science Reviews Dec, Volume: 25, Issue: 23-24 p.: 3207-3215 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.02.007
Reduced Agulhas Leakage during the Last Glacial Maximum inferred from an integrated provenance and flux study, Franzese, A. M.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L.; Anderson, R. F. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Oct 15, Volume: 250, Issue: 1-2 p.: 72-88 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.07.002
Temporal stability of the neodymium isotope signature of the Holocene to glacial North Atlantic, van de Flierdt, T.; Robinson, L. F.; Adkins, J. F.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L. Paleoceanography Nov 25, Volume: 21, Issue: 4 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001294
Evolution of helium isotopes in the Earth's mantle, Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L. Nature Aug 25, Volume: 436, Issue: 7054 p.: 1107-1112 (2005) Doi 10.1038/Nature03930
Grand Comore Island: A well-constrained "low He-3/He-4" mantle plume, Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L.; Stute, M.; Kurz, M. D.; Schlosser, P. Earth and Planetary Science Letters May 15, Volume: 233, Issue: 3-4 p.: 391-409 (2005) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.02.029
Open-system coral ages reveal persistent suborbital sea-level cycles, Thompson, W. G.; Goldstein, S. L. Science Apr 15, Volume: 308, Issue: 5720 p.: 401-404 (2005) DOI 10.1126/science.1104035
Sr isotope evidence for sources of terrigenous sediment in the southeast Atlantic Ocean: Is there increased available Fe for enhanced glacial productivity?, Rutberg, R. L.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Anderson, R. F. Paleoceanography Mar 30, Volume: 20, Issue: 1 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2003pa000999
Temporal relationships of carbon cycling and ocean circulation at glacial boundaries, Piotrowski, A. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Fairbanks, R. G. Science Mar 25, Volume: 307, Issue: 5717 p.: 1933-1938 (2005) DOI 10.1126/science.1104883
Intensification and variability of ocean thermohaline circulation through the last deglaciation, Piotrowski, A. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Fairbanks, R. G. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Aug 30, Volume: 225, Issue: 1-2 p.: 205-220 (2004) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2004.06.002
Origin of enriched ocean ridge basalts and implications for mantle dynamics, Donnelly, K. E.; Goldstein, S. L.; Langmuir, C. H.; Spiegelman, M. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Oct 15, Volume: 226, Issue: 3-4 p.: 347-366 (2004) DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2004.07.019
U-Th dating of Lake Lisan (late Pleistocene Dead Sea) aragonite and implications for glacial East Mediterranean climate change, Haase-Schramm, A.; Goldstein, S. L.; Stein, M. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Mar, Volume: 68, Issue: 5 p.: 985-1005 (2004)
Catastrophic arid episodes in the Eastern Mediterranean linked with the North Atlantic Heinrich events, Bartov, Y.; Goldstein, S. L.; Stein, M.; Enzel, Y. Geology May, Volume: 31, Issue: 5 p.: 439-442 (2003)
Catastrophic flooding of the Black Sea, Ryan, W. B. F.; Major, C. O.; Lericolais, G.; Goldstein, S. L. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Volume: 31 p.: 525-554 (2003) DOI 10.1146/annurev.earth.31.100901.141249
Magmatic and amagmatic seafloor generation at the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean, Michael, P. J.; Langmuir, C. H.; Dick, H. J. B.; Snow, J. E.; Goldstein, S. L.; Graham, D. W.; Lehnert, K.; Kurras, G.; Jokat, W.; Muhe, R.; Edmonds, H. N. Nature Jun 26, Volume: 423, Issue: 6943 p.: 956-U1 (2003) Doi 10.1038/Nature01704
An open-system model for U-series age determinations of fossil corals, Thompson, W. G.; Spiegelman, M. W.; Goldstein, S. L.; Speed, R. C. Earth and Planetary Science Letters May 15, Volume: 210, Issue: 1-2 p.: 365-381 (2003) Doi 10.1016/S0012-821x(03)00121-3
Temporal control of subduction magmatism in the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Mantle sources, slab contributions, and crustal contamination, Gomez-Tuena, A.; LaGatta, A. B.; Langmuir, C. H.; Goldstein, S. L.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F.; Carrasco-Nunez, G. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems Aug 9, Volume: 4 p.: - (2003) Doi 10.1029/2003gc000524
Standards for publication of isotope ratio and chemical data in Chemical Geology, Goldstein, S. L.; Deines, P.; Oelkers, E. H.; Rudnick, R. L.; Walter, L. M. Chemical Geology Dec 15, Volume: 202, Issue: 1-2 p.: 1-4 (2003) DOI 10.1016/j.chemgo.2003.08.003
Long-lived isotopic tracers in oceanography, paleoceanography, and ice-sheet dynamics, Goldstein, SL; Hemming, S. The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry, Volume: 6 p.: 453-489 (2003) 10.1016/BO-08-043751-6/06179-X
The control of lithium budgets in island arcs, Tomascak, P. B.; Widom, E.; Benton, L. D.; Goldstein, S. L.; Ryan, J. G. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Mar 15, Volume: 196, Issue: 3-4 p.: 227-238 (2002) Pii S0012-821x(01)00614-8
Sulfur and strontium isotope composition of the Llobregat River (NE Spain): Tracers of natural and anthropogenic chemicals in stream waters, Soler, A.; Canals, A.; Goldstein, S. L.; Otero, N.; Antich, N.; Spangenberg, J. Water Air and Soil Pollution May, Volume: 136, Issue: 1-4 p.: 207-224 (2002)
Calibration of the C-14 time scale to > 40 ka by U-234-Th-230 dating of Lake Lisan sediments (last glacial Dead Sea), Schramm, A.; Stein, M.; Goldstein, S. L. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Jan 30, Volume: 175, Issue: 1-2 p.: 27-40 (2000)
Composition and processes of the mantle lithosphere in northeastern Brazil and Fernando de Noronha: evidence from mantle xenoliths, Rivalenti, G.; Mazzucchelli, M.; Girardi, V. A. V.; Vannucci, R.; Barbieri, M. A.; Zanetti, A.; Goldstein, S. L. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Apr, Volume: 138, Issue: 4 p.: 308-325 (2000)
Radiocarbon calibration beyond the dendrochronology range, Stein, M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Schramm, A. Radiocarbon, Volume: 42, Issue: 3 p.: 415-422 (2000)
Reconstructing low levels of Lake Lisan by correlating fan-delta and lacustrine deposits, Machlus, M.; Enzel, Y.; Goldstein, S. L.; Marco, S.; Stein, M. Quaternary International, Volume: 73-4 p.: 137-144 (2000)
Reduced North Atlantic Deep Water flux to the glacial Southern Ocean inferred from neodymium isotope ratios, Rutberg, R. L.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L. Nature Jun 22, Volume: 405, Issue: 6789 p.: 935-938 (2000)
Distinguishing melt and fluid subduction components in Umnak volcanics, Aleutian Arc, Class, C.; Miller, D. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Langmuir, C. H. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Volume: 1, Issue: 6 (2000) 10.1029/1999GC000010
The process of plume-lithosphere interactions in the ocean basins - the case of Grande Comore, Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L.; Altherr, R.; Bachelery, P. Journal of Petrology May, Volume: 39, Issue: 5 p.: 881-903 (1998)
Plume-lithosphere interactions in the ocean basins: constraints from the source mineralogy, Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L. Earth and Planetary Science Letters Aug, Volume: 150, Issue: 3-4 p.: 245-260 (1997)
Temporal evolution of the Kerguelen plume: Geochemical evidence from approximate to 38 to 82 Ma lavas forming the Ninetyeast ridge - Discussion, Class, C.; Goldstein, S. L.; Galer, S. J. G. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Jun, Volume: 124, Issue: 1 p.: 98-103 (1996)
Cerium Lead and Lead-Isotope Ratios in Arc Magmas and the Enrichment of Lead in the Continents, Miller, D. M.; Goldstein, S. L.; Langmuir, C. H. Nature Apr 7, Volume: 368, Issue: 6471 p.: 514-520 (1994)
The Importance of Parental Magma Composition to Calc-Alkaline and Tholeiitic Evolution - Evidence from Umnak Island in the Aleutians, Miller, D. M.; Langmuir, C. H.; Goldstein, S. L.; Franks, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth Jan 10, Volume: 97, Issue: B1 p.: 321-343 (1992)
A Sm-Nd Isotopic Study of Atmospheric Dusts and Particulates from Major River Systems, Goldstein, S. L.; Onions, R. K.; Hamilton, P. J. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 70, Issue: 2 p.: 221-236 (1984)
Nd and Sr Isotopic Study of a Mafic Layer from Ronda Ultramafic Complex, Zindler, A.; Staudigel, H.; Hart, S. R.; Endres, R.; Goldstein, S. Nature, Volume: 304, Issue: 5923 p.: 226-230 (1983)
Nd, Sr and Pb Isotopic Systematics in a 3-Component Mantle - a New Perspective, Zindler, A.; Jagoutz, E.; Goldstein, S. Nature, Volume: 298, Issue: 5874 p.: 519-523 (1982)
Nd and Sr Isotopic Relationships in Pelagic Clays and Ferromanganese Deposits, Goldstein, S. L.; Onions, R. K. Nature, Volume: 292, Issue: 5821 p.: 324-327 (1981)
Douglas G. Martinson
Personal Information
Douglas
G.
Martinson
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
Adjunct Professor
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Contact Information
105 Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8830

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Oceans and their role in climate; onset and termination of ice ages.

I wanted to be an oceanographer ever since my first visit to the ocean near Carmel
The research includes both modeling and observational studies in polar regions

Education
Ph.D.
Columbia
1982
Master of Arts
Columbia
1979
Bachelor of Science
Cal State
1976

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