Modern and Future Climate

The Climate Science Group strives to solve problems in climate on timescales from seasonal to Quaternary and beyond. We use models representing the ocean, the atmosphere, the cryosphere and the land surface, ranging from simple to complex. In addition to analyses of data from recent decades, we develop techniques to extract as much as possible from the inaccurate and sparse data of the past.
Much of our work, often in collaboration with the International Research Institute located at Lamont, has been on understanding and predicting seasonal to interannual climate variations, especially El Niño and the North Atlantic Oscillation, and on the impacts of such variations on agriculture and health. Our recent focus is on accounting for the startlingly abrupt changes apparent in the paleoclimate record. Could such changes occur in the near future? Our investigations of the past and the future rely heavily on our knowledge of modern climate dynamics.

Arnold L. Gordon
Personal Information
Arnold
L.
Gordon
Professor
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Ocean and Climate Physics
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Contact Information
203 B Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8325

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

My research is directed at the ocean's stratification, circulation and mixing and its role in Earth's climate system.

I am a field-going physical oceanographer, an observationalist. My research is directed at the ocean's stratification, circulation and mixing and its role in Earth's climate system. I study the transfer of heat and freshwater within the ocean and between the ocean, cryosphere and atmosphere. I view the ocean as a global system, with specific attention to interocean exchange and to ventilation of the deep ocean interior through sea-air-ice interaction. Comparison and extension of observational data with model results are an increasingly important part of my research. Historically much of my research deals with the Southern Ocean, but research within the warmer waters of the Indonesian Seas, tropical North Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans now compose most of my research program. Recently my focus is on the role of the ocean mesoscale in the transfer of heat and freshwater to compensate for net sea-air flux. I tend to go to areas that have been neglected by the research community, but have the potential of being key players in the global system.

Not sure how to update the 'clickable' pubication listed below, so its not up todate, see the CV GORDON_CV_DATE for up to date publications

Education
Ph.D.
Columbia University
1965
BS
CUNY- Herbert Lehman College
1961
Sc.D. Honoris causa
University of Cape Town, South Africa
2005
Selected Publications:
The Indonesian Throughflow during 2004-2006 as observed by the INSTANT program, Gordon, A L; Sprintall, J; Van Aken, H M; Susanto, R D; Wijffels, S; Molcard, R; Ffield, A; Pranowo, W; Wirasantosa, S Dynamics of Atmosphere and Ocean (In Press)
Differences among subtropical surface salinity patterns, Gordon, A. L.; C. F. Giulivi; J. Busecke; F. M. Bingham Oceanography (2015) 10.5670/oceanog.2015.02.
Bottom water export from the western Ross Sea, 2007 through 2010, Gordon, A. L.; B. A. Huber; J. Busecke GRL (2015) 10.1002/2015GL064457
South China Sea throughflow impact on the Indonesian throughflow, Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A.; Metzger, E. J.; Susanto, R. D.; Hurlburt, H. E.; Adi, T. R. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 33, Issue: 11 (2012) 10.1029/2012gl052021
Circumpolar View of the Southern Ocean from 1962 to 1992, Gordon, A. L. Oceanography 2012, Volume: 24, Issue: 3 p.: 18-23 (2012)
Climate Impact on Interannual Variability of Weddell Sea Bottom Water, McKee, D.; Yuan, X.; Gordon, A.L.; Huber, B.A.; Dong, Z. Journal of Geophysical Research, Ocean , Volume: 116, Issue: C05020 (2011) 10.1029/2010JC006484
Synchronous intensification and warming of Antarctic Bottom Water outflow from the Weddell Gyre, Meredith, Michael P.; Gordon, Arnold L.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Abrahamsen, E. Povl; Huber, Bruce A.; Jullion, Loïc; Venables, Hugh J. Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 38, Issue: 3 (2011) 10.1029/2010gl046265
A seasonal cycle in the export of bottom water from the Weddell Sea, Gordon, A. L.;Huber, B.; McKee, D.; Visbeck, M. Nature Geoscience, Volume: 3, Issue: 8 p.: 551-556 (2010) 10.1038/ngeo916
Intraseasonal variability in Makassar Strait thermocline, Pujiana, K; Gordon, A L; Sprintall, J; Susanto, R D J Mar Res (2010)
Simulated and Observed Circulation in the Indonesian Seas: 1/12� Global HYCOM and the INSTANT Observations, Metzger, EJ; Hurlburt, HE; Xu, X; Shriver, JF; Gordon, A L; Sprintall, J; Susanto, R D; van Aken, H M Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans (2010)
Western Ross Sea continental slope gravity currents, Gordon, A. L.; Orsi, A. H.; Muench, R.; Huber, B. A.; Zambianchi, E.; Visbeck, M. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 56, Issue: 13-14 p.: 796-817 (2009)
Makassar Strait Throughflow, 2004 to 2006, Gordon, A. L., Susanto, R. D., Ffield, A. Huber, B. A., Pranowo, W., Wirasantosa, S. Geop Res Letts, Volume: 35, Issue: L24605, (2008) 10.1029/2008GL036372
Blueprints for Medieval hydroclimate, Seager, R.; Graham, N.; Herweijer, C.; Gordon, A. L.; Kushnir, Y.; Cook, E. Quaternary Science Reviews Oct, Volume: 26, Issue: 19-21 p.: 2322-2336 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.04.020
Observations and proxies of the surface layer throughflow in Lombok Strait, Susanto, R. D.; Gordon, A. L.; Sprintall, J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Mar 31, Volume: 112, Issue: C3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006jc003790
A possible link between the Weddell Polynya and the Southern Annular Mode, Gordon, A. L.; Visbeck, M.; Comiso, J. C. Journal of Climate Jun 1, Volume: 20, Issue: 11 p.: 2558-2571 (2007) Doi 10.1175/Jcli4046.1
To follow the water: Exploring the ocean to discover climate, Gordon, A. Nature Sep 27, Volume: 449, Issue: 7161 p.: 407-408 (2007) Doi 10.1038/449407a
Isopycnal displacements within the Cape Basin thermocline as revealed by the Hydrographic Data Archive, Giulivi, C. F.; Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers Aug, Volume: 53, Issue: 8 p.: 1285-1300 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2006.05.011
Comparison of Indonesian Throughflow transport observations, Makassar Strait to eastern Indian Ocean, Vranes, K.; Gordon, A. L. Geophysical Research Letters May 18, Volume: 32, Issue: 10 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2004gl022158
Velocity and transport of the Makassar Strait throughflow, Susanto, R. D.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jan 26, Volume: 110, Issue: C1 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2004jc002425
Energetic plumes over the western Ross Sea continental slope, Gordon, A. L.; Zambianchi, E.; Orsi, A.; Visbeck, M.; Giulivi, C. F.; Whitworth, T.; Spezie, G. Geophysical Research Letters Nov 4, Volume: 31, Issue: 21 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2004gl020785
Pacific decadal oscillation and sea level in the Japan/East sea, Gordon, A. L.; Giulivi, C. F. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers May, Volume: 51, Issue: 5 p.: 653-663 (2004) DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2004.02.005
Significance of the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow transport to the Indian Ocean, Song, Q.; Gordon, A. L. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 19, Volume: 31, Issue: 16 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2004gl020360
Spreading of the Indonesian throughflow in the Indian Ocean, Song, Q.; Gordon, A. L.; Visbeck, M. Journal of Physical Oceanography Apr, Volume: 34, Issue: 4 p.: 772-792 (2004)
A New International Array to Measure the Indonesian Throughflow: INSTANT, Sprintall, J.; Wijffels, S; Gordon, A.L; Ffield, A.; Molcard, R.; Susanto, R.D.; Soesilo, I.; Sopaheluwakan, J.; Surachman, Y.; van Aken, H.M. EOS Trans. AGU, Volume: 85, Issue: 39 p.: 369-384 (2004)
Cool Indonesian throughflow as a consequence of restricted surface layer flow, Gordon, A. L.; Susanto, R. D.; Vranes, K. Nature Oct 23, Volume: 425, Issue: 6960 p.: 824-828 (2003) Doi 10.1038/Nature02038
Deep topographic barriers within the Indonesian seas, Gordon, A. L.; Giulivi, C. F.; Ilahude, A. G. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 50, Issue: 12-13 p.: 2205-2228 (2003) Doi 10.1016/S0967-0645(03)00053-5
Estimating transport in Makassar Strait, Wajsowicz, R. C.; Gordon, A. L.; Ffield, A.; Susanto, R. D. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 50, Issue: 12-13 p.: 2163-2181 (2003) Doi 10.1016/S0967-0645(03)00051-1
Oceanography - The brawniest retroflection, Gordon, A. L. Nature Feb 27, Volume: 421, Issue: 6926 p.: 904-905 (2003) Doi 10.1038/421904a
The Pacific/Indian Ocean pressure difference and its influence on the Indonesian Seas circulation: Part I - The study with specified total transports, Burnett, W. H.; Kamenkovich, V. M.; Gordon, A. L.; Mellor, G. L. Journal of Marine Research Sep, Volume: 61, Issue: 5 p.: 577-611 (2003)
The Pacific/Indian Ocean pressure difference and its influence on the Indonesian Seas circulation: Part II - The study with specified sea-surface heights, Kamenkovich, V. M.; Burnett, W. H.; Gordon, A. L.; Mellor, G. L. Journal of Marine Research Sep, Volume: 61, Issue: 5 p.: 613-634 (2003)
Bay of Bengal nutrient-rich benthic layer, Gordon, A. L.; Giulivi, C. F.; Takahashi, T.; Sutherland, S.; Morrison, J.; Olson, D. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 49, Issue: 7-8 p.: 1411-1421 (2002) Pii S0967-0645(01)00161-8
The heat transport of the Indonesian Throughflow and implications for the Indian Ocean heat budget, Vranes, K.; Gordon, A. L.; Ffield, A. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 49, Issue: 7-8 p.: 1391-1410 (2002) Pii S0967-0645(01)00150-3
Japan/East Sea intrathermocline eddies, Gordon, A. L.; Giulivi, C. F.; Lee, C. M.; Furey, H. H.; Bower, A.; Talley, L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Jun, Volume: 32, Issue: 6 p.: 1960-1974 (2002)
Long-term temperature trends in the deep waters of the Weddell Sea, Robertson, R.; Visbeck, M.; Gordon, A. L.; Fahrbach, E. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 49, Issue: 21 p.: 4791-4806 (2002) Pii S0967-0645(02)00159-5
A numerical study of the circulation in the northwestern Weddell Sea, Matano, R. P.; Gordon, A. L.; Muench, R. D.; Palma, E. D. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume: 49, Issue: 21 p.: 4827-4841 (2002) Pii S0967-0645(02)00161-3
Subduction along a midocean front and the generation of intrathermocline eddies: A theoretical study, Ou, H. W.; Gordon, A. Journal of Physical Oceanography Jun, Volume: 32, Issue: 6 p.: 1975-1986 (2002)
Tracing Amazon River water into the Caribbean Sea, Hellweger, F. L.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Marine Research Jul, Volume: 60, Issue: 4 p.: 537-549 (2002)
Cooling and ventilating the abyssal ocean, Orsi, A. H.; Jacobs, S. S.; Gordon, A. L.; Visbeck, M. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 1, Volume: 28, Issue: 15 p.: 2923-2926 (2001)
Export of Weddell Sea Deep and Bottom Water, Gordon, A. L.; Visbeck, M.; Huber, B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans May 15, Volume: 106, Issue: C5 p.: 9005-9017 (2001)
Upwelling along the coasts of Java and Sumatra sand its relation to ENSO, Susanto, R. D.; Gordon, A. L.; Zheng, Q. N. Geophysical Research Letters Apr 15, Volume: 28, Issue: 8 p.: 1599-1602 (2001)
Interocean Exchange, Gordon, A. L. Ocean Circulation and Climate p.: 303-314 (2001)
Banda Sea Surface Layer Divergence, Gordon, A.L.; Susanto, R.D. Ocean Dynamics, Volume: 52, Issue: 1 p.: 2-10 (2001)
Deep and bottom water of the Bransfield Strait eastern and central basins, Gordon, A. L.; Mensch, M.; Dong, Z. Q.; Smethie, W. M.; de Bettencourt, J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans May 15, Volume: 105, Issue: C5 p.: 11337-11346 (2000)
Dynamical balance in the Indonesian Seas circulation, Burnett, W. H.; Kamenkovich, V. M.; Jaffe, D. A.; Gordon, A. L.; Mellor, G. L. Geophysical Research Letters Sep 1, Volume: 27, Issue: 17 p.: 2705-2708 (2000)
The influence of the pressure head on the Indonesian Seas circulation, Burnett, W. H.; Kamenkovich, V. M.; Mellor, G. L.; Gordon, A. L. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 1, Volume: 27, Issue: 15 p.: 2273-2276 (2000)
Intraseasonal variability and tides in Makassar Strait, Susanto, R. D.; Gordon, A. L.; Sprintall, J.; Herunadi, B. Geophysical Research Letters May 15, Volume: 27, Issue: 10 p.: 1499-1502 (2000)
Recipe for Banda Sea Water, Waworuntu, J. M.; Fine, R. A.; Olson, D. B.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Marine Research Jul, Volume: 58, Issue: 4 p.: 547-569 (2000)
A semiannual Indian Ocean forced Kelvin wave observed in the Indonesian seas in May 1997, Sprintall, J.; Gordon, A. L.; Murtugudde, R.; Susanto, R. D. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jul 15, Volume: 105, Issue: C7 p.: 17217-17230 (2000)
Spreading of red sea overflow waters in the Indian ocean, Beal, L. M.; Ffield, A.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Apr 15, Volume: 105, Issue: C4 p.: 8549-8564 (2000)
Temperature variability within Makassar Strait, Ffield, A.; Vranes, K.; Gordon, A. L.; Susanto, R. D.; Garzoli, S. L. Geophysical Research Letters Jan 15, Volume: 27, Issue: 2 p.: 237-240 (2000)
Interannual variability of South Atlantic circulation from 4 years of TOPEX/POSEIDON satellite altimeter observations, Witter, D. L.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Sep 15, Volume: 104, Issue: C9 p.: 20927-20948 (1999)
Thermohaline stratification of the Indonesian Seas: Model and observations, Gordon, A. L.; McClean, J. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Feb, Volume: 29, Issue: 2 p.: 198-216 (1999)
Throughflow within Makassar Strait, Gordon, A. L.; Susanto, R. D.; Ffield, A. Geophysical Research Letters Nov 1, Volume: 26, Issue: 21 p.: 3325-3328 (1999)
Bay of Bengal currents during the northeast monsoon, Hacker, P.; Firing, E.; Hummon, J.; Gordon, A. L.; Kindle, J. C. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 1, Volume: 25, Issue: 15 p.: 2769-2772 (1998)
Coelacanth populations may go with the flow, Gordon, A. L. Nature Oct 15, Volume: 395, Issue: 6703 p.: 634-634 (1998)
Makassar Strait transport: Initial estimate based on Arlindo results, Gordon, A. L.; Susanto, R. D. Marine Technology Society Journal Win, Volume: 32, Issue: 4 p.: 34-45 (1998)
Advection and diffusion of Indonesian throughflow water within the Indian Ocean South Equatorial Current, Gordon, A. L.; Ma, S. B.; Olson, D. B.; Hacker, P.; Ffield, A.; Talley, L. D.; Wilson, D.; Baringer, M. Geophysical Research Letters Nov 1, Volume: 24, Issue: 21 p.: 2573-2576 (1997)
He-3 in Indonesian Seas: Inferences on deep pathways, Top, Z.; Gordon, A.; JeanBaptiste, P.; Fieux, M.; Ilahude, G.; Muchtar, M. Geophysical Research Letters Mar 1, Volume: 24, Issue: 5 p.: 547-550 (1997)
CFC-113 shows Brazil eddy crossing the South Atlantic to the Agulhas Retroflection region, SmytheWright, D.; Gordon, A. L.; Chapman, P.; Jones, M. S. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jan 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C1 p.: 885-895 (1996)
Cosmonaut polynya in the Southern Ocean: Structure and variability, Comiso, J. C.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C8 p.: 18297-18313 (1996)
The eastern boundary of the Gulf Stream recirculation, Marchese, P. J.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Marine Research May, Volume: 54, Issue: 3 p.: 521-540 (1996)
The eddy field of the southeast Atlantic Ocean: A statistical census from the Benguela Sources and Transports project, Rae, C. M. D.; Garzoli, S. L.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans May 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C5 p.: 11949-11964 (1996)
Oceanography - Communication between oceans, Gordon, A. L. Nature Aug 1, Volume: 382, Issue: 6590 p.: 399-400 (1996)
On the influence of bottom topography on the Agulhas eddy, Kamenkovich, V. M.; Leonov, Y. P.; Nechaev, D. A.; Byrne, D. A.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Jun, Volume: 26, Issue: 6 p.: 892-912 (1996)
Origins and variability of the Benguela Current, Garzoli, S. L.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jan 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C1 p.: 897-906 (1996)
Pathways of water between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Indonesian seas, Gordon, A. L.; Fine, R. A. Nature Jan 11, Volume: 379, Issue: 6561 p.: 146-149 (1996)
Southern Ocean fronts from the Greenwich meridian to Tasmania, Belkin, I. M.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Feb 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C2 p.: 3675-3696 (1996)
Thermocline stratification within the Indonesian Seas, Ilahude, A. G.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans May 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C5 p.: 12401-12409 (1996)
Tidal mixing signatures in the Indonesian seas, Ffield, A.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Sep, Volume: 26, Issue: 9 p.: 1924-1937 (1996)
Variability and sources of the southeastern Atlantic circulation, Garzoli, S. L.; Gordon, A. L.; Kamenkovich, V.; Pillsbury, D.; DuncombeRae, C. Journal of Marine Research Nov, Volume: 54, Issue: 6 p.: 1039-1071 (1996)
The Absolute Velocity-Field of Agulhas Eddies and the Benguela Current, Clement, A. C.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Nov 15, Volume: 100, Issue: C11 p.: 22591-22601 (1995)
Agulhas Eddies - a Synoptic View Using Geosat Erm Data, Byrne, D. A.; Gordon, A. L.; Haxby, W. F. Journal of Physical Oceanography May, Volume: 25, Issue: 5 p.: 902-917 (1995)
Circulation and Transport of Water Along the Western Weddell Sea Margin, Muench, R. D.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Sep 15, Volume: 100, Issue: C9 p.: 18503-18515 (1995)
Tropical Atlantic Water within the Benguela Upwelling System at 27-Degrees-S, Gordon, A. L.; Bosley, K. T.; Aikman, F. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers Jan, Volume: 42, Issue: 1 p.: 1-12 (1995)
Warm Weddell Deep-Water West of Maud Rise, Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jul 15, Volume: 100, Issue: C7 p.: 13747-13753 (1995)
When Is Appearance Reality - a Comment on Why Does the Indonesian Throughflow Appear to Originate from the North Pacific, Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Jun, Volume: 25, Issue: 6 p.: 1560-1567 (1995)
Thermocline of the Flores and Banda Seas, Gordon, A. L.; Ffield, A.; Ilahude, A. G. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Sep 15, Volume: 99, Issue: C9 p.: 18235-18242 (1994)
Deep and Bottom Water of the Weddell Seas Western Rim, Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A.; Hellmer, H. H.; Ffield, A. Science Oct 1, Volume: 262, Issue: 5130 p.: 95-97 (1993)
Modeling of Topographic Effects on Antarctic Sea-Ice Using Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines, Deveaux, R. D.; Gordon, A. L.; Comiso, J. C.; Bacherer, N. E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Nov 15, Volume: 98, Issue: C11 p.: 20307-20319 (1993)
Convective Modifications of Water Masses in the Agulhas, Olson, D. B.; Fine, R. A.; Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers Mar, Volume: 39, Issue: 1A p.: S163-S181 (1992)
Thermocline and Intermediate Water Communication between the South-Atlantic and Indian Oceans, Gordon, A. L.; Weiss, R. F.; Smethie, W. M.; Warner, M. J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans May 15, Volume: 97, Issue: C5 p.: 7223-7240 (1992)
Vertical Mixing in the Indonesian Thermocline, Ffield, A.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Feb, Volume: 22, Issue: 2 p.: 184-195 (1992)
Cyclonic Gyre in the Tropical South-Atlantic, Gordon, A. L.; Bosley, K. T. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume: 38 p.: S323-S343 (1991)
Agulhas Eddies Invade the South-Atlantic - Evidence from Geosat Altimeter and Shipboard Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Survey, Gordon, A. L.; Haxby, W. F. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Mar 15, Volume: 95, Issue: C3 p.: 3117-& (1990)
Southern-Ocean Winter Mixed Layer, Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jul 15, Volume: 95, Issue: C7 p.: 11655-11672 (1990)
Brazil Malvinas Confluence - 1984, Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers Mar, Volume: 36, Issue: 3 p.: 359-384 (1989)
Intermediate Waters in the Southwest South-Atlantic, Piola, A. R.; Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers Jan, Volume: 36, Issue: 1 p.: 1-16 (1989)
Weddell Gyre - Temperature Maximum Stratum, Bagriantsev, N. V.; Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jun 15, Volume: 94, Issue: C6 p.: 8331-8334 (1989)
Polynyas in the Southern-Ocean, Gordon, A. L.; Comiso, J. C. Scientific American Jun, Volume: 258, Issue: 6 p.: 90-97 (1988)
The Southern-Ocean and Global Climate, Gordon, A. L. Oceanus Sum, Volume: 31, Issue: 2 p.: 39-46 (1988)
Polar Oceans, Gordon, A. L.; Owens, W. B. Reviews of Geophysics Mar, Volume: 25, Issue: 2 p.: 227-233 (1987)
Recurring Polynyas over the Cosmonaut Sea and the Maud Rise, Comiso, J. C.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Mar 15, Volume: 92, Issue: C3 p.: 2819-2833 (1987)
Shedding of an Agulhas Ring Observed at Sea, Lutjeharms, J. R. E.; Gordon, A. L. Nature Jan 8, Volume: 325, Issue: 6100 p.: 138-140 (1987)
Stratification and Circulation at the Agulhas Retroflection, Gordon, A. L.; Lutjeharms, J. R. E.; Grundlingh, M. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers Apr, Volume: 34, Issue: 4 p.: 565-599 (1987)
Abyssal Eddy in the Southwest Atlantic, Gordon, A. L.; Greengrove, C. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers Jun, Volume: 33, Issue: 6 p.: 839-& (1986)
Geostrophic Circulation of the Brazil-Falkland Confluence, Gordon, A. L.; Greengrove, C. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers May, Volume: 33, Issue: 5 p.: 573-585 (1986)
Inter-Ocean Exchange of Thermocline Water, Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Apr 15, Volume: 91, Issue: C4 p.: 5037-5046 (1986)
On Oceanic Heat and Fresh-Water Fluxes at 30-Degrees-Sstar, Piola, A. R.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography Dec, Volume: 16, Issue: 12 p.: 2184-2190 (1986)
Spin-down of Baroclinic Eddies under Sea Ice, Ou, H. W.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Jun 15, Volume: 91, Issue: C6 p.: 7623-7630 (1986)
Indian-Atlantic Transfer of Thermocline Water at the Agulhas Retroflection, Gordon, A. L. Science, Volume: 227, Issue: 4690 p.: 1030-1033 (1985)
Antarctic Sea Ice Microwave Signatures and Their Correlation with Insitu Ice Observations, Comiso, J. C.; Ackley, S. F.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Volume: 89, Issue: Nc1 p.: 662-672 (1984)
Pacific and Indian-Ocean Upper-Layer Salinity Budget, Piola, A. R.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 14, Issue: 4 p.: 747-753 (1984)
Thermohaline Stratification Below the Southern-Ocean Sea Ice, Gordon, A. L.; Huber, B. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Volume: 89, Issue: Nc1 p.: 641-648 (1984)
Winter Mixed Layer Entrainment of Weddell Deep-Water, Gordon, A. L.; Chen, C. T. A.; Metcalf, W. G. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Volume: 89, Issue: Nc1 p.: 637-640 (1984)
Atlantic-Ocean Upper Layer Salinity Budget, Gordon, A. L.; Piola, A. R. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 13, Issue: 7 p.: 1293-1300 (1983)
Oceanography - a Clever Answer to a Simple Question, Gordon, A. L. Nature, Volume: 305, Issue: 5933 p.: 385-386 (1983)
Polar Oceanography, Gordon, A. L. Reviews of Geophysics, Volume: 21, Issue: 5 p.: 1124-1131 (1983)
Southern-Hemisphere Western Boundary Current Variability Revealed by Geos-3-Altimeter, Gordon, A. L.; Horai, K.; Donn, M. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 88, Issue: Nc1 p.: 755-762 (1983)
Satellite-Observations of the Brazil and Falkland Currents - 1975 to 1976 and 1978, Legeckis, R.; Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume: 29, Issue: 3 p.: 375-401 (1982)
Southern-Ocean Bottom Water of the Australian New Zealand Sector, Rodman, M. R.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 87, Issue: Nc8 p.: 5771-5778 (1982)
A Convective Model for the Weddell Polynya, Martinson, D. G.; Killworth, P. D.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 11, Issue: 4 p.: 466-488 (1981)
Salinity Maximum in the Pycnocline of the Middle Atlantic Bight, Gordon, A. L.; Aikman, F. Limnology and Oceanography, Volume: 26, Issue: 1 p.: 123-130 (1981)
Seasonality of Southern-Ocean Sea Ice, Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 86, Issue: Nc5 p.: 4193-4197 (1981)
South-Atlantic Thermocline Ventilation, Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume: 28, Issue: 11 p.: 1239-1264 (1981)
The Wind-Driven Circulation in the Weddell-Enderby Basin, Gordon, A. L.; Martinson, D. G.; Taylor, H. W. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume: 28, Issue: 2 p.: 151-163 (1981)
Ocean Transients as Observed by Geos-3 Coincident Orbits, Gordon, A. L.; Baker, T. N. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 85, Issue: Nc1 p.: 502-506 (1980)
Circulation and Melting beneath the Ross Ice Shelf, Jacobs, S. S.; Gordon, A. L.; Ardai, J. L. Science, Volume: 203, Issue: 4379 p.: 439-443 (1979)
Basin Waters of Bransfield Strait, Gordon, A. L.; Nowlin, W. D. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 8, Issue: 2 p.: 258-264 (1978)
Climatic Characteristics of Antarctic Polar Front Zone, Taylor, H. W.; Gordon, A. L.; Molinelli, E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 83, Issue: Nc9 p.: 4572-4578 (1978)
Deep Antarctic Convection West of Maud Rise, Gordon, A. L. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 8, Issue: 4 p.: 600-612 (1978)
Large-Scale Relative Dynamic Topography of Southern-Ocean, Gordon, A. L.; Molinelli, E.; Baker, T. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, Volume: 83, Issue: Nc6 p.: 3023-3032 (1978)
South-Atlantic Oceanography, Gordon, A. L. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Volume: 13, Issue: 4 p.: 87-89 (1978)
Weddell Polynya, Gyre and Deep-Water Convection, Gordon, A. L. Transactions-American Geophysical Union, Volume: 59, Issue: 4 p.: 292-292 (1978)
Antarctic Polar Front Zone in Western Scotia Sea - Summer 1975, Gordon, A. L.; Georgi, D. T.; Taylor, H. W. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Volume: 7, Issue: 3 p.: 309-328 (1977)
Climatic Characteristics of Antarctic Polar Front, Taylor, H. W.; Gordon, A. L.; Molinelli, E. Transactions-American Geophysical Union, Volume: 58, Issue: 9 p.: 885-885 (1977)
Islas-Orcadas Cruise 12 - Cape-Town to Buenos-Aires, Gordon, A. L.; Labrecque, J. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Volume: 12, Issue: 4 p.: 60-62 (1977)
Basins of Bransfield Strait, Gordon, A. L.; Nowlin, W. D. Transactions-American Geophysical Union, Volume: 57, Issue: 12 p.: 940-940 (1976)
Antarctic Oceanographic Section Along 170 Degreese, Gordon, A. L. Deep-Sea Research, Volume: 22, Issue: 6 p.: 357-& (1975)
Contributions of R/V Conrad to F Drake, 1975, Gordon, A. L. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Volume: 10, Issue: 4 p.: 142-143 (1975)
Seasonal Change of Antarctic Sea Ice Cover, Gordon, A. L.; Taylor, H. W. Science, Volume: 187, Issue: 4174 p.: 346-347 (1975)
Diffusivity of Suspended Matter in Caribbean Sea, Eittreim, S.; Biscaye, P. E.; Gordon, A. L. Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume: 78, Issue: 27 p.: 6401-6403 (1973)
Physical Oceanography, Gordon, A. L. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Volume: 8, Issue: 3 p.: 61-69 (1973)
Antarctic Physical Oceanographic Studies, 1971-1972, Gordon, A. L. Antarctic Journal of the United States, Volume: 7, Issue: 5 p.: 206-207 (1972)
Weston Anderson
Personal Information
Weston
Anderson
Graduate Student
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
105F Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Drought, Hydroclimate, Food Security

My goal is to use remote sensing observations, in-situ measurements and model simulations to understand hydroclimate dynamics and the associated implications for agriculture and food security

Education
B.S. / M.S.E. of Environmental Engineering
Johns Hopkins University
05/2012
Selected Publications:
Crop production variability in North and South America forced by life-cycles of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, Anderson, Weston; Seager, Richard; Baethgen, Walter; Cane, Mark Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.03.008
Life cycles of agriculturally relevant ENSO teleconnections in North and South America, Anderson, Weston; Seager, Richard; Baethgen, Walter; Cane, Mark International Journal of Climatology (2016) 10.1002/joc.4916
An analysis of methodological and spatial differences in global cropping systems models and maps, Anderson, W.; You, L; Wood, S.; Wood-Sichra, U.; and Wu, W. Global Ecology and Biogeography 10/2014 (2014) DOI: 10.1111/geb.12243
Towards an integrated soil moisture drought monitor for East Africa, Anderson, W.; Zaitchik, B.; Hain, C.; Anderson, M.; Yilmaz, M. T.; Mecikalski, J.; and Schultz, L. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 08/2012 (2012) doi:10.5194/hess-16-2893-2012
Yochanan Kushnir
Personal Information
Yochanan
Kushnir
Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
The Cooperative Institute for Climate Applications and Research (CICAR)
Contact Information
104B Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8669

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Diagnostic analysis of climate variability; Climate impacts; Climate predictability; Ocean-Atmosphere interaction.
Education
Ph.D., Atmospheric Sciences
Oregon State Univeristy
1985
M.Sc., Meteorology
Tel Aviv Univeristy
1980
B.Sc., Physics
Technion, Israel Institute of Technology
1971
Selected Publications:
Understanding Pacific Ocean influence on interannual precipitation variability in the Sahel, Pomposi, Catherine; Giannini, Alessandra; Kushnir, Yochanan: Lee, Dong-Eun GRL, Volume: 43 (2016) 10.1002/2016GL069980
Dead Sea drawdown and monsoonal influences in the Levant during the last interglacial, Torfstein, A.; Goldstein, S.L.; Stein, M.; Kushnir, Y.; Enzel, Y.; Haug, G. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 412 p.: 235-244 (2015)
Mediterranean precipitation climatology, seasonal cycle, and trent as simulated by CMIP5, Kelley, Colin; Ting, Mingfang; Seager, Richard, Kushnir, Yochanan Geophysical Research Letters (2012)
Mechanisms of tropical Atlantic SST influence on North American hydroclimate variability, Kushnir, Y; Seager, R; Ting, M; Naik, N; Nakamura, J Journal of Climate (2010)
Forced and Internal 20th Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic, Ting, M.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Li, C. Journal of Climate March/2009, Volume: 22, Issue: 6 p.: 13 (2009) 10.1175/2008JCLI2561.1
Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic, Ting, M. F.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Li, C. H. Journal of Climate Mar, Volume: 22, Issue: 6 p.: 1469-1481 (2009) Doi 10.1175/2008jcli2561.1
Classifying North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks by Mass Moments, Nakamura, J; Lall, U; Kushnir, Y; Camargo, S J J Climate, Volume: 22, Issue: 20 p.: 5481-5494 (2009)
Classifying North Atlantic tropical cyclones tracks by their mass moments, Nakamura, J; Lall, U; Kushnir, Y; Camargo, S J J Climate, Volume: 22 p.: 5481-5494 (2009)
Blueprints for Medieval hydroclimate, Seager, R.; Graham, N.; Herweijer, C.; Gordon, A. L.; Kushnir, Y.; Cook, E. Quaternary Science Reviews Oct, Volume: 26, Issue: 19-21 p.: 2322-2336 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.04.020
Indian summer monsoon rainfall and its link with ENSO and Indian Ocean climate indices, Ihara, C.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A.; De la Pena, V. H. International Journal of Climatology Feb, Volume: 27, Issue: 2 p.: 179-187 (2007) Doi 10.1002/Joc.1394
Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America, Seager, R.; Ting, M. F.; Held, I.; Kushnir, Y.; Lu, J.; Vecchi, G.; Huang, H. P.; Harnik, N.; Leetmaa, A.; Lau, N. C.; Li, C. H.; Velez, J.; Naik, N. Science May 25, Volume: 316, Issue: 5828 p.: 1181-1184 (2007) DOI 10.1126/science.1139601
Atlantic climate variability and predictability: A CLIVAR perspective, Hurrell, J. W.; Visbeck, M.; Busalacchi, A.; Clarke, R. A.; Delworth, T. L.; Dickson, R. R.; Johns, W. E.; Koltermann, K. P.; Kushnir, Y.; Marshall, D.; Mauritzen, C.; McCartney, M. S.; Piola, A.; Reason, C.; Reverdin, G.; Schott, F.; Sutton, R.; Wainer, Journal of Climate Oct 15, Volume: 19, Issue: 20 p.: 5100-5121 (2006)
The physical basis for predicting Atlantic sector seasonal-to-interannual climate variability, Kushnir, Y.; Robinson, W. A.; Chang, P.; Robertson, A. W. Journal of Climate Dec 1, Volume: 19, Issue: 23 p.: 5949-5970 (2006)
Regional and global atmospheric patterns governing rainfall in the southern Levant, Ziv, B.; Dayan, U.; Kushnir, Y.; Roth, C.; Enzel, Y. International Journal of Climatology Jan, Volume: 26, Issue: 1 p.: 55-73 (2006) Doi 10.1002/Joc.1238
Formation, mechanisms, and predictability of the Aleutian-Icelandic low seesaw in ensemble AGCM simulations, Honda, M.; Kushnir, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Yamane, S.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of Climate May 1, Volume: 18, Issue: 9 p.: 1423-1434 (2005)
Mechanisms of ENSO-forcing of hemispherically symmetric precipitation variability, Seager, R.; Harnik, N.; Robinson, W. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Ting, M.; Huang, H. P.; Velez, J. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Apr, Volume: 131, Issue: 608 p.: 1501-1527 (2005) Doi 10.1256/Qj.04.96
Modeling of tropical forcing of persistent droughts and pluvials over western North America: 1856-2000, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Herweijer, C.; Naik, N.; Velez, J. Journal of Climate Oct 1, Volume: 18, Issue: 19 p.: 4065-4088 (2005)
Mechanisms of hemispherically symmetric climate variability, Seager, R.; Harnik, N.; Kushnir, Y.; Robinson, W.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate Sep, Volume: 16, Issue: 18 p.: 2960-2978 (2003)
Reduced space approach to the optimal analysis interpolation of historical marine observations: Accomplishments, difficulties, and prospects, Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y. Advances in the Applications of Marine Climatology p.: 199-216 (2003)
Atmospheric GCM response to extratropical SST anomalies: Synthesis and evaluation, Kushnir, Y.; Robinson, W. A.; Blade, I.; Hall, N. M. J.; Peng, S.; Sutton, R. Journal of Climate Aug 15, Volume: 15, Issue: 16 p.: 2233-2256 (2002)
Deconstructing Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone variability: Influence of the local cross-equatorial sea surface temperature gradient and remote forcing from the eastern equatorial Pacific, Chiang, J. C. H.; Kushnir, Y.; Giannini, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres Jan, Volume: 107, Issue: D1-D2 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2000jd000307
A simple coupled model of tropical Atlantic decadal climate variability, Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R.; Miller, J.; Chiang, J. C. H. Geophysical Research Letters Dec 13, Volume: 29, Issue: 23 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2002gl015874
The ENSO teleconnection to the tropical Atlantic Ocean: Contributions of the remote and local SSTs to rainfall variability in the tropical Americas, Giannini, A.; Chiang, J. C. H.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Seager, R. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 24 p.: 4530-4544 (2001)
Interdecadal changes in the ENSO teleconnection to the Caribbean region and the North Atlantic oscillation, Giannini, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 13 p.: 2867-2879 (2001)
Looking for the role of the ocean in tropical Atlantic decadal climate variability, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Chang, P.; Naik, N.; Miller, J.; Hazeleger, W. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 5 p.: 638-655 (2001)
North Atlantic climate variability: Phenomena, impacts and mechanisms, Marshall, J.; Kushnir, Y.; Battisti, D.; Chang, P.; Czaja, A.; Dickson, R.; Hurrell, J.; McCartney, M.; Saravanan, R.; Visbeck, M. International Journal of Climatology Dec, Volume: 21, Issue: 15 p.: 1863-1898 (2001)
Seasonality in the impact of ENSO and the North Atlantic high on Caribbean rainfall, Giannini, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part B-Hydrology Oceans and Atmosphere, Volume: 26, Issue: 2 p.: 143-147 (2001)
Wind-driven shifts in the latitude of the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension and generation of SST anomalies on decadal timescales, Seager, R.; Kushnir, Y.; Naik, N. H.; Cane, M. A.; Miller, J. Journal of Climate, Volume: 14, Issue: 22 p.: 4249-4265 (2001)
Interannual variability of Caribbean rainfall, ENSO, and the Atlantic Ocean, Giannini, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Jan 15, Volume: 13, Issue: 2 p.: 297-311 (2000)
Interdecadal changes in eastern Pacific ITCZ variability and its influence on the Atlantic ITCZ, Chiang, J. C. H.; Kushnir, Y.; Zebiak, S. E. Geophysical Research Letters Nov 15, Volume: 27, Issue: 22 p.: 3687-3690 (2000)
Dominant patterns of climate variability in the Atlantic Ocean during the last 136 years, Tourre, Y. M.; Rajagopalan, B.; Kushnir, Y. Journal of Climate Aug, Volume: 12, Issue: 8 p.: 2285-2299 (1999)
Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856-1991, Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Clement, A. C.; Blumenthal, M. B.; Rajagopalan, B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15, Volume: 103, Issue: C9 p.: 18567-18589 (1998)
Observed decadal midlatitude and tropical Atlantic climate variability, Rajagopalan, B.; Kushnir, Y.; Tourre, Y. M. Geophysical Research Letters Nov 1, Volume: 25, Issue: 21 p.: 3967-3970 (1998)
The recent increase in North Atlantic wave heights, Kushnir, Y.; Cardone, V. J.; Greenwood, J. G.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Aug, Volume: 10, Issue: 8 p.: 2107-2113 (1997)
Interdecadal Variations in North-Atlantic Sea-Surface Temperature and Associated Atmospheric Conditions, Kushnir, Y. Journal of Climate Jan, Volume: 7, Issue: 1 p.: 141-157 (1994)
Daehyun Kim
Personal Information
Daehyun
Kim
Lamont Assistant Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
201B Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8317

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

My research interests cover a wide range of topics from the cloud physics to climate dynamics, with the ultimate goal of enhancing our ability to predict future states of the climate system. Towards this goal, I have been focused on a better understanding of the climate phenomena, and an adequate representation of them in our primary tool for prediction: general circulation models (GCMs). My research has involved synergistic combinations of numerical modeling and statistical analysis. Specifically, I have focused on: i) physics of cumulus convection, and ii) global-scale climate variability in the tropics. These two themes, described in detail below, are tightly coupled.  My work on climate variability has focused on, but not limited to, the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) and the El-Niño southern oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. These are the primary sources of predictability on the intraseasonal and interannual time scale, respectively.

Nora Mascioli
Personal Information
Nora
Mascioli
Graduate Student
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
mascioli.jpg
206A Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8319

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157
Etienne Dunn-Sigouin
Personal Information
Etienne
Dunn-Sigouin
Graduate Student
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
206A Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8319

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Stratosphere-Troposphere coupling, Wave-mean flow interaction, Mid-latitude climate variability

My research uses observations, idealized and state-of-the-art global climate models to understand the dynamics of the large-scale mid-latitude circulation and its role in climate. 

In particular, I study how the stratosphere couples with the troposphere via planetary scale waves. The coupling directly impacts the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the variability of the North-Atlantic jet stream.

I also work on understanding the dynamics of anomalous mid-latitude weather patterns called blocking, persistent high-pressure systems linked to extreme weather such as droughts and cold-snaps, and their representation in global climate models.

Andrew W. Robertson
Personal Information
Andrew
W.
Robertson
The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Senior Research Scientist
The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)
Lecturer
Contact Information
230 Monell
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 680-4491

Fax: 

(845) 680-4866

Fields of interest: 

Atmospheric and climate dynamics; wave mean-flow interaction; transport and mixing; general circulation dynamics; stationary-transient interactions
Education
Ph.D.
Reading University, UK
1984
Alessandra Giannini
Personal Information
Alessandra
H.
Giannini
Research Scientist
The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Contact Information
109 Monell
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 680-4473

Fax: 

(845) 680-4866
Robin E. Bell
Personal Information
Robin
E.
Bell
Palisades Geophysical Institute/Lamont Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Marine Geology and Geophysics
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Contact Information
107A Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8827

Fax: 

(845) 365-8156

Fields of interest: 

Ice Sheet Dynamics and Mass Balance, Continental Dynamics, Estuarine Processes, Linkages between ice sheet processes and subglacial geology. Interaction of ecosystems and geologic systems from microbes to benthic habitats. Tectonic uplift and feedback mechanisms, Interaction of tectonics and ice sheet dynamics. Gravity and magnetic measurement techniques for marine and airborne applications. Gravity gradiometry.
  • Study of Subglacial Environments ( details )
  • Process Based Studies of Estuaries & Rivers; The Hudson River ( details )
  • Women in Science ( details )
Education
M.S., M. Phil, Ph.D.,
Columbia University, New York
1989
B.A. (magna cum laude), Geology,
Middlebury College, Vermont
1980
Selected Publications:
Process-related classification of acoustic data from the Hudson River Estuary, Nitsche, F. O.; Bell, R.; Carbotte, S. M.; Ryan, W. B. F.; Flood, R. Marine Geology Aug 30, Volume: 209, Issue: 1-4 p.: 131-145 (2004) DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.05.023
Estimating the depth and shape of subglacial Lake Vostok's water cavity from aerogravity data, Studinger, M.; Bell, R. E.; Tikku, A. A. Geophysical Research Letters Jun 19, Volume: 31, Issue: 12 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2004gl019801
Righting the Balance: Gender Diversity in the Geosciences, Bell, R. E.; Kastens,KA; Cane,MA; Miller, RB; Mutter, JC; Pfirman,S EOS Transactions, Volume: 84, Issue: 31 p.: 292 (2003)
Origin and fate of Lake Vostok water frozen to the base of the East Antarctic ice sheet, Bell, R. E.; Studinger, M.; Tikku, A. A.; Clarke, G. K. C.; Gutner, M. M.; Meertens, C. Nature Mar 21, Volume: 416, Issue: 6878 p.: 307-310 (2002)
Influence of subglacial geology on the onset of a West Antarctic ice stream from aerogeophysical observations, Bell, R. E.; Blankenship, D. D.; Finn, C. A.; Morse, D. L.; Scambos, T. A.; Brozena, J. M.; Hodge, S. M. Nature Jul 2, Volume: 394, Issue: 6688 p.: 58-62 (1998)
Alexey Kaplan
Personal Information
Alexey
Kaplan
Lamont Associate Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Ocean and Climate Physics
Contact Information
103C Oceanography
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US
(845) 365-8689

Fax: 

(845) 365-8157

Fields of interest: 

Analyses of climate fields based on historical, instrumental and paleoclimatic data; El Nino and Southern Oscillation; ocean data assimilation; statistical studies of climate variability from observations and models

I work in the Climate Modeling Group which is part of the LDEO Division of Ocean and Climate Physics. My research is on climate variability, predictability, and prediction, and on methods to study such things. It involves historical climate analyses, paleoclimatic reconstructions, data assimilation, and studies of error dynamics in the ocean and coupled climate models.

Education
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering
Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia
1990
B.S. (honors), Applied Mathematics
Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Moscow, Russia
1985
Selected Publications:
On the fidelity of shell-derived δ18Oseawater estimates, Arbuszewski, J.A.; deMenocal, P.; Kaplan, A.; Farmer, E.C. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 300, Issue: 3-4 p.: 185-196 (2010)
Evaluating climate variability and change from modern and historical SST observations, Rayner, N A; Kaplan, A; Kent, E C; Reynolds, R W; Brohan, P; Casey, K S; Kennedy, J J; Woodru ff, S D; Smith, T M; Donlon, C; Breivik, L A; Eastwood, S; Ishii, M; Brandon, T , Venice, Italy (2009)
The evolution of the equatorial Pacific zonal SST gradient during the twentieth century, Karnauskas, K B; Seager, R; Kaplan, A; Kushnir, Y; Cane, M A J Climate, Volume: 22, Issue: 16 p.: 4316-4321 (2009)
Interdecadal-decadal climate variability from multicoral oxygen isotope records in the South Pacific Convergence Zone region since 1650 A.D., Linsley, B. K.; Zhang, P. P.; Kaplan, A.; Howe, S. S.; Wellington, G. M. Paleoceanography Jun 20, Volume: 23, Issue: 2 p.: - (2008) Doi 10.1029/2007pa001539
An 8-century tropical Atlantic SST record from the Cariaco Basin: Baseline variability, twentieth-century warming, and Atlantic hurricane frequency, Black, D. E.; Abahazi, M. A.; Thunell, R. C.; Kaplan, A.; Tappa, E. J.; Peterson, L. C. Paleoceanography Oct 25, Volume: 22, Issue: 4 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2007pa001427
Corroborating ecological depth preferences of planktonic foraminifera in the tropical Atlantic with the stable oxygen isotope ratios of core top specimens, Farmer, E. C.; Kaplan, A.; deMenocal, P. B.; Lynch-Stieglitz, J. Paleoceanography Aug 1, Volume: 22, Issue: 3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001361
The degree of anisotropy for mid-ocean currents from satellite observations and an eddy-permitting model simulation, Huang, H. P.; Kaplan, A.; Curchitser, E. N.; Maximenko, N. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Sep 12, Volume: 112, Issue: C9 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2007jc004105
El Nino as a mediator of the solar influence on climate, Emile-Geay, J.; Cane, M.; Seager, R.; Kaplan, A.; Almasi, P. Paleoceanography Aug 8, Volume: 22, Issue: 3 p.: - (2007) Doi 10.1029/2006pa001304
Comments on "Testing the Fidelity of Methods Used in Proxy-Based Reconstructions of Past Climate": The role of the standardization interval, Smerdon, J. E.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Climate Nov 15, Volume: 20, Issue: 22 p.: 5666-5670 (2007) Doi 10.1175/2007jcli1794.1
The effects of sea-ice and land-snow concentrations on planetary albedo from the earth radiation budget experiment, Gorodetskaya, I. V.; Came, M. A.; Tremblay, L. B.; Kaplan, A. Atmosphere-Ocean Jun, Volume: 44, Issue: 2 p.: 195-205 (2006)
A forward modeling approach to paleoclimatic interpretation of tree-ring data, Evans, M. N.; Reichert, B. K.; Kaplan, A.; Anchukaitis, K. J.; Vaganov, E. A.; Hughes, M. K.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences Aug 10, Volume: 111, Issue: G3 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2006jg000166
Forward modeling of regional scale tree-ring patterns in the southeastern United States and the recent influence of summer drought, Anchukaitis, K. J.; Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Vaganov, E. A.; Hughes, M. K.; Grissino-Mayer, H. D.; Cane, M. A. Geophysical Research Letters Feb 21, Volume: 33, Issue: 4 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2005gl025050
Predictability loss in an intermediate ENSO model due to initial error and atmospheric noise, Karspeck, A. R.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Aug, Volume: 19, Issue: 15 p.: 3572-3588 (2006)
Toward estimating climatic trends in SST. Part III: Systematic biases, Kent, E. C.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Mar, Volume: 23, Issue: 3 p.: 487-500 (2006)
Tracking the extent of the South Pacific Convergence Zone since the early 1600s, Linsley, B. K.; Kaplan, A.; Gouriou, Y.; Salinger, J.; deMenocal, P. B.; Wellington, G. M.; Howe, S. S. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems May 3, Volume: 7 p.: - (2006) Doi 10.1029/2005gc001115
Multi-scale modeling of the North Pacific Ocean: Assessment and analysis of simulated basin-scale variability (1996-2003), Curchitser, E. N.; Haidvogel, D. B.; Hermann, A. J.; Dobbins, E. L.; Powell, T. M.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Nov 30, Volume: 110, Issue: C11 p.: - (2005) Doi 10.1029/2005jc002902
Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired Th-230/U-234/U-238 and C-14 dates on pristine corals, Fairbanks, R. G.; Mortlock, R. A.; Chiu, T. C.; Cao, L.; Kaplan, A.; Guilderson, T. P.; Fairbanks, T. W.; Bloom, A. L.; Grootes, P. M.; Nadeau, M. J. Quaternary Science Reviews Sep, Volume: 24, Issue: 16-17 p.: 1781-1796 (2005) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.04.007
The relationship between tibetan snow depth, ENSO, river discharge and the monsoons of Bangladesh, Shaman, J.; Cane, M.; Kaplan, A. International Journal of Remote Sensing Sep 10, Volume: 26, Issue: 17 p.: 3735-3748 (2005) Doi 10.1080/01431160500185599
A 2000-year record of Caribbean and tropical North Atlantic hydrographic variability, Black, D. E.; Thunell, R. C.; Kaplan, A.; Peterson, L. C.; Tappa, E. J. Paleoceanography Jun 23, Volume: 19, Issue: 2 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2003pa000982
Predictability of El Nino over the past 148 years, Chen, D.; Cane, M. A.; Kaplan, A.; Zebiak, S. E.; Huang, D. J. Nature Apr 15, Volume: 428 p.: 733-736 (2004) Doi 10.1038/Nature02439
Small-scale variability and model error in tropical Pacific sea level, Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Chen, D.; Witter, D. L.; Cheney, R. E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Feb 4, Volume: 109, Issue: C2 p.: - (2004) Doi 10.1029/2002jc001743
Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century, Rayner, N. A.; Parker, D. E.; Horton, E. B.; Folland, C. K.; Alexander, L. V.; Rowell, D. P.; Kent, E. C.; Kaplan, A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres Jul 17, Volume: 108, Issue: D14 p.: - (2003) Doi 10.1029/2002jd002670
Reduced space approach to the optimal analysis interpolation of historical marine observations: Accomplishments, difficulties, and prospects, Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y. Advances in the Applications of Marine Climatology p.: 199-216 (2003)
Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Middle Eastern climate and streamflow, Cullen, H. M.; Kaplan, A.; Arkin, P. A.; deMenocal, P. B. Climatic Change Nov, Volume: 55, Issue: 3 p.: 315-338 (2002)
Pacific sea surface temperature field reconstruction from coral delta O-18 data using reduced space objective analysis, Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Feb, Volume: 17, Issue: 1 p.: - (2002) Doi 10.1029/2000pa000590
Support for tropically-driven Pacific decadal variability based on paleoproxy evidence, Evans, M. N.; Cane, M. A.; Schrag, D. P.; Kaplan, A.; Linsley, B. K.; Villalba, R.; Wellington, G. M. Geophysical Research Letters Oct 1, Volume: 28, Issue: 19 p.: 3689-3692 (2001)
Use of data assimilation via linear low-order models for the initialization of El Nino Southern Oscillation predictions, Canizares, R.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Chen, D.; Zebiak, S. E. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Dec 15, Volume: 106, Issue: C12 p.: 30947-30959 (2001)
Bias correction of an ocean-atmosphere coupled model, Chen, D.; Cane, C. M.; Zebiak, S. E.; Canizares, R.; Kaplan, A. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 15, Volume: 27, Issue: 16 p.: 2585-2588 (2000)
Intercomparison of coral oxygen isotope data and historical sea surface temperature (SST): Potential for coral-based SST field reconstructions, Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Oct, Volume: 15, Issue: 5 p.: 551-563 (2000)
Reduced space optimal interpolation of historical marine sea level pressure: 1854-1992, Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Climate Aug 15, Volume: 13, Issue: 16 p.: 2987-3002 (2000)
Eight centuries of North Atlantic Ocean atmosphere variability, Black, D. E.; Peterson, L. C.; Overpeck, J. T.; Kaplan, A.; Evans, M. N.; Kashgarian, M. Science Nov 26, Volume: 286, Issue: 5445 p.: 1709-1713 (1999)
Analyses of global sea surface temperature 1856-1991, Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A.; Kushnir, Y.; Clement, A. C.; Blumenthal, M. B.; Rajagopalan, B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15, Volume: 103, Issue: C9 p.: 18567-18589 (1998)
The impact of sea level data assimilation on the Lament model prediction of the 1997/98 El Nino, Chen, D. K.; Cane, M. A.; Zebiak, S. E.; Kaplan, A. Geophysical Research Letters Aug 1, Volume: 25, Issue: 15 p.: 2837-2840 (1998)
Optimal sites for coral-based reconstruction of global sea surface temperature, Evans, M. N.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Paleoceanography Oct, Volume: 13, Issue: 5 p.: 502-516 (1998)
Reduced space optimal analysis for historical data sets: 136 years of Atlantic sea surface temperatures, Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Cane, M. A.; Blumenthal, M. B. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Dec 15, Volume: 102, Issue: C13 p.: 27835-27860 (1997)
Twentieth-century sea surface temperature trends, Cane, M. A.; Clement, A. C.; Kaplan, A.; Kushnir, Y.; Pozdnyakov, D.; Seager, R.; Zebiak, S. E.; Murtugudde, R. Science Feb 14, Volume: 275, Issue: 5302 p.: 957-960 (1997)
Mapping tropical Pacific sea level: Data assimilation via a reduced state space Kalman filter, Cane, M. A.; Kaplan, A.; Miller, R. N.; Tang, B. Y.; Hackert, E. C.; Busalacchi, A. J. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Oct 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C10 p.: 22599-22617 (1996)
Sea level from temperature profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean, 1975-1982, Reverdin, G.; Kaplan, A.; Cane, M. A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans Aug 15, Volume: 101, Issue: C8 p.: 18105-18119 (1996)

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