Climate and Society: Case Studies

Lecture Schedule - Fall 2014

December 10, 2014 9:23 AM

Date  Day
Lecture
Professor
     
Sept. 3 W

Introduction & Overview (PPT)

Teaching climate and lessons from the past (PPT PDF)

December 10, 2014 9:23 AM

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Sept. 8 M

Human population: Where we've been and where we're going, demographic changes. (PPT, PDF)

Useful link. Global population counter with growth rate trend data here. 7.3 billion and counting!

Reading. G. Harding. The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162. pp. 1243-1248 (PDF).

Reading. E. Onstrom et al. Revisiting the Commons: Local lessons, Global Challenges. Science, pp. 278-282 (PDF).

Reading: K. Conca and G. Dabelko, Green Planet Blues, Ch. 1, pp. 27-31.

Scan Reading: Transitions in World Population. 43 pp. Population Bulletin, 2004 (Population Reference Bureau) (PDF).

Watch this Hans Rosling presentation on demographic and economic trends over the last 50 years (Prof. Public Health, Sweden).

Try Google's GapMinder sofware yourself!

News. World Population Will Soar Higher Than Predicted. Scientific American, 11/31/14.

News. Brookings Institution - 25% of global population will be African in 40 years. "Exponential Population Growth in Africa" (Link)

Swiss Movement: The Generation Gap

Homework 1 posted

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Sept. 10 W

Module 1:The Science and Policy of Ozone Depletion.

Solar Radiation and the Earth's Atmosphere (PPT, PDF) December 10, 2014 9:23 AM

News: We knew it was coming but perhaps not this quickly. CO2 growth rate now 3 ppm/yr, twice what is was a few yrs ago link

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapters 1 and 2.

Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 3. (e-reserves soon - PDF).

A short, useful Wikipedia entry on Solar Radiation

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Sept. 15 M

Natural ozone production and destruction. (PPT, PDF) September 16, 2012 9:53 PM

News: Sept. 11, 2014. Earth's Ozone Layer is Recovering. Washington Post link

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 10. (pp. 119-120)

Reading: G.T. Miller, Environmental Science, Ch. 13, Climate Change and Ozone Loss, pp. 318-326. (e-reserves)

Reading: Fahey, D.W. (Lead Author). World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and and Monitoring Project. 20 Questions and Answers about the Ozone Layer: 2006 update (read Q&As 1-14: PDF).

Reading:World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and and Monitoring Project - Report no. 50. Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006, Executive Summary. (PDF).

In the News: Ozone status this week (link).

If you're interested: Human Health and Ecological Risks of Ozone Depletion.

Supp. Reading: Longstreth et al., 1998. Health Risks. J. Photochem and Photobiol., 46, pp. 20-39.

Homework 1 Due

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Sept. 17 W

CFCs and Ozone destruction. (PPT, PDF) September 16, 2012 9:53 PM

Homework 2 Posted

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Sept. 22 M

Ozone Policy: Regulating ozone and The Montreal Protocol. (PPT, PDF) September 19, 2012 4:17 AM .

News: As coolant is phased out, smugglers reap profits (NYT, 9/8/2012).

Radio: Last Friday (9/19/2014) your own Prof and Bill McKibben spoke with Ira Flatow on NPR's Science Friday show to discuss the People's Climate March (Science Friday).

Reading: Morrisette, P. M. 1989. The evolution of policy responses to stratospheric ozone depletion. Natural Resources Journal 29: 793-820.

Reading: Benedick R.E., 2007. Science, diplomacy, and the Montreal Protocol. Encyclopedia for the Earth.

Reading: Fahey, D.W. (Lead Author). World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and and Monitoring Project. 20 Questions and Answers about the Ozone Layer: 2006 update (read Q&As 15-20: PDF).

Reading: Pamela Chasek, David Downie and Janet Welsh Brown, Global Environmental Politics, 4th Edition. Boulder: Westview Press, 2006; German edition, 2007 (pp. 106-114 and chapter 4). (e-reserves)

This is alot of reading but they are all great sources. The upper two are the most concise. If you're really interested in policy and how this breakthrough protocol was accomplished, it's all good.

Bruce Cockburn: Actions Speak Louder

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Sept. 24 W

Homework 2 Due

EXAM 1: Module 1 Content (Here's a typical mid-term exam) Fall 2009, A & B and overall grade distribution. (previous year: 2008)

 
Sept. 29 M

Module 2: The Science and Policy of El Niño-related climate variability

Thermal Structure of the Atmosphere: Properties of wet and dry air (PPT , PDF) Updated files: September 28, 2008 5:32 PM

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 5.

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, "The Blue Planet". Ch. 12. pp. 271-291. (e-reserves)

Music for the day: Joni Mitchell & Willie Nelson, Cool Water; Kate Bush, Cloudbusting; Eric Lindell, Sunny Daze

News: Fifth IPCC (AR5) Report on Climate Change released on 9/27 (Summary for Policymakers) CNN

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Oct. 1 W

Why air moves: Atmospheric Forces and Balances (PPT, PDF) October 3, 2010

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 6.

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 13, 293-313. (e-reserves)

Good Read: Breaking the cycle of climate inaction: The planet levers you can pull (by Jon Foley, Ensia 10/1/2013)

Music for the day: Jimmie Cliff, Pressure Drop; N.W.A, Express Yourself

Homework 2 assigned

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Oct. 6 M

Why there are climate zones: General Atmospheric Circulation (PPT, PDF) October 3, 2010

Here's an applet demonstrating geostrophic balance and winds from the Univ. of Wisconsin - try it out!

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 13, 293-313. (e-reserves)
Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 4, pp 57-74.
(e-reserves)

Music for the day: Stan Getz, With the wind and the rain; Ron Sexsmith, Cold Hearted Wind

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Oct. 8 W

Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling, and the ENSO system, Part 1. (PPT, PDF) October 9, 2010

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 6, 7.

Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 12 pp 243-248. (e-reserves).

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (Lamont, Columbia Univ.): ENSO Basics (link); Advanced ENSO Theory (link).

Current ENSO state and the 6 month future forecast (link)

Music for the day: Maceo Parker, Children's World; Sting, Heavy Cloud, No Rain; Keb Mo: Rainmaker.

Exam 1 returned (avg grade = 80±14; histogram)

Homework 2 due in class

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Oct. 13 M

Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling, and the ENSO system - Part 2. (PPT, PDF) October 13, 2014

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (Lamont, Columbia Univ.): ENSO Climate Prediction (link);

Ron Sexsmith, I know it well; Paul Simon, I know what I know;

 

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Oct. 15 W

Predicting the (near) future: Forecasting ENSO . (PPT).

October 14, 2014

BBC News: Global warming and El Nino - 21st Century projections

Homework 3 assigned

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Oct. 20 M

ENSO Prediction and Policy (PPT)

Regional and Global Climate Impacts. Policy Development and Implementation to Mitigate effects of ENSO climate variability

Reading: (link, link)

The National Research Council just ranked Columbia's Department of Earth And Env. Sciences as the top Earth Science department in the country (of 140 other programs).

Columbia University is ranked 4th in the nation for College Sustainability Index (of 300+ campuses) - best of the Ivies as well, pretty impressive! (link)

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Oct. 22 W

EXAM 2: Module 2 content

Homework 3 due in class

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Oct. 27 M

Module 3: The Science and Policy of Global Warming

Wind-driven Surface Ocean Circulation . (PPT, PDF) October 15, 2012 4:04 PM

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, reread Chapter 6 (if needed).

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 11, 241-256. (e-reserves)

Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 5. (e-reserves)

News: European Leaders Agree to cut emissions by 40% by 2030 relative to 1990 baseline (NYT, Oct 23, 2014)

Interesting link: Convenient Untruths (Gavin Schmidt and Michael Mann, RealClimate.org)

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Oct. 29 W

Density-driven Deep ocean circulation. (PPT, PDF) October 28, 2007 1:54 PM

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 6 (if needed).

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 11, 241-256. (e-reserves)

Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 5. (e-reserves).

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Nov. 3 M

University Holiday

 
Nov. 5 W

The ins and outs of Carbon: Natural and manmade carbon Emissions, Fluxes, and Cycling (PPT) November 6, 2013 12:48 PM

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming. Chapters 4, 8, 9.

Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 20, 476-489.

Reading: G.T. Miller, Environmental Science, Ch. 4, Ecosystems, pp., 94-98.

Optional Reading: New! Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 5th assessment report (IPCC-AR5, 2013), Chapter 6. (Summary and Section 6.1; pp. 6-21 to 6-13)

Sources and impacts of greenhouse gases.

Optional Reading: G.T. Miller, Environmental Science, Ch. 13, Climate Change and Ozone loss, pp. 301-318.

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Nov. 10 M

Climate of the last Millennium: Understanding how climates change (PPT, PDF) November 11, 2013

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 11.

Reading: Kerr, D. What happened to global warming ? (Science, 2009; PDF)

Reading: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 4th report (IPCC-AR4, 2007), Working Group 1, Summary for Policy Makers.

Optional Reading: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 4th report (IPCC-AR4, 2007), p.464-483 Chapter 6.

Optional Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 14, pp 315-341 (e-reserves).

Optional Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 6, 15, 16 (e-reserves).

Must read (link fixed): NY Time Magazine: The Future is Drying Up

Homework 5 assigned

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Nov. 12 W

Climate of the last Millennium: Understanding how climates change (PPT, PDF) November 11, 2013

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 11.

Reading: Kerr, D. What happened to global warming ? (Science, 2009; PDF)

Reading: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 4th report (IPCC-AR4, 2007), Working Group 1, Summary for Policy Makers.

Optional Reading: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 4th report (IPCC-AR4, 2007), p.464-483 Chapter 6.

Optional Reading: Skinner, BJ, Porter, SC, and Botkin, DB, "The Blue Planet", Ch. 14, pp 315-341 (e-reserves).

Optional Reading: Lee R. Kump, James F. Kasting, and Robert Crane, 2nd. ed. (2003) The Earth System: An Introduction to Earth Systems Science. Ch. 6, 15, 16 (e-reserves).

Must read (link fixed): NY Time Magazine: The Future is Drying Up

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Nov. 17 M

Global Warming: Understanding the Evidence (PPT) November 12, 2014 9:01 PM.

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 4, 11.

Reading: The Science of Global Warming.

Optional Reading: IPCC AR5 Summary for Policymakers

Optional Reading: IPCC AR5: The Physical Basis chapters (link)

Interesting link: Top 10 Skeptic talking points, and counterpoints (BBC link, and RealClimate.org discussion).

News: US-China reach historic emissions deal (NYT, Nov., 12, 2014). The U.S. will reduce emissions by 26 to 28 percent by 2025. China will try to reach peak emissions before 2030.

Homework 5 due in class

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Nov. 19 W

The Scientific The IPCC AR5 2015 Report (PPT) November 12, 2014

Impacts of Future Emissions and Future Solutions (PPT)

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 12, 13.

Reading: The Beginner's Guide to Representative Concentration Pathways (Skeptical Science).

Reading: IPCC AR5 Summary for Policymakers

IPCC AR5: The Physical Basis chapters (link)

Listen: Radio NPR: "Feel the Heat: The Global Politics of Climate Change" (link)

News: NASA: Earth's Climate is Approaching 'Dangerous' Point (Link, PDF).

Watch: Post-election Colbert Report responds to the news that Sen. James Inhofe, one of the most fervent climate deniers, will soon chair the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee

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Nov. 24 M

Climate skeptics (PPT)

One example: Prof. William Happer's lecture (Princeton) (PPT)

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Nov. 26 W

Sustainable energy (PPT, PDF)

David MacKay, Sustainable Energy - Without the Hot Air (available as webtext or full book PDF, freely!)

Chapters 1, 2 (pp. 1-28) and Chapter 27

 

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Dec. 1 M

Sustainable energy (PPT, PDF)

David MacKay, Sustainable Energy - Without the Hot Air (available as webtext or full book PDF, freely!)

Chapters 1, 2 (pp. 1-28) and Chapter 27

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Dec. 3 W

Climate change policy and the road to Paris (PDF) December 3, 2014

Reading: Scott Barrett, Chapter 3. Aggregate efforts: global public goods that depend on the combined efforts of all states (PDF)

Policy Development and Implementation to Mitigate effects of Global Warming: The Rio and Kyoto Summit meetings. (PPT)

Homework 6 assigned

Prof. Scott Barrett
Dec. 8 M

Peak Oil and the need of cheap energy: Implications for future emissions (PDF)

Reading: Archer, D. Global Warming, Chapter 9.

Reading: Yale 360: Peak Coal: Why the Industry's
Dominance May Soon Be Over (link)

Reading: Energy Export Data Browser
interactive mapping of world, regional and country fossil fuel production/consumption

Links: News links (read at your leisure/interest) link

 

Sally Odland
Dec. 10 W

Rapid Climate change - what climate change really looks like (PPT, PDF)

Reading: National Academy of Sciences: Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (Chapter 4)

Reading: Cook, E.R., R. Seager, M.A. Cane and D.W. Stahle, 2007: North American Drought: Reconstructions, Causes, and Consequences. Earth Science Reviews, 81, 93-134. (PDF)

Interesting Schwartz and Randall, 2003 "An Abrupt climate change scenario and its implications for United States national Security". Leaked CIA report (PDF)

Homework 6 due in class

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Dec. 11-13  

Reading Days

 
   

Final Exam : Mainly Module 3 content, but all topics can be covered

 

Updated December 10, 2014

* shared with V2100- The Climate System